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Table 5 Odds ratios and their 95 % confidence intervals as results from univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses with session attendance and compliance with the resistance and endurance exercises as dependent variables and demographic, clinical, psychosocial and physical variables as independent variables

From: Participation in and adherence to physical exercise after completion of primary cancer treatment

  HI LMI
  Session attendance Compliance with the resistance exercises Compliance with the endurance exercises Session attendance Compliance with the resistance exercises Compliance with the endurance exercises
  Univariable, OR (95 % CI) Multivariable, OR (95 % CI) Univariable, OR (95 % CI) Multivariable, OR (95 % CI) Univariable, OR (95 % CI) Multivariable, OR (95 % CI) Univariable, OR (95 % CI) Multivariable, OR (95 % CI) Univariable, OR (95 % CI) Multivariable, OR (95 % CI) Univariable, OR (95 % CI) Multivariable, OR (95 % CI)
Demographic
 Age 1.01 (0.98;1.05)   1.00 (0.97;1.03)   1.01 (0.97;1.04)   1.00 (0.97;1.04)   1.03 (0.99;1.06)   1.01 (0.98;1.05)  
 Gender 0.62 (0.22;1.78)   0.51 (0.19;1.37)   0.97 (0.42;2.20)   0.71 (0.27;1.83)   0.45 (0.16;1.30)   0.41 (0.17;1.01)  
 Marital status 1.15 (0.44;3.04)   1.22 (0.49;3.02)   1.29 (0.54;3.07)   0.70 (0.23;2.14)   0.64 (0.19;2.16)   0.40 (0.14;1.20)  
 Education 1.29 (0.56;2.94)   1.84 (0.84;4.05)   1.67 (0.83;3.38)   0.66 (0.32;1.37)   0.49 (0.23;1.05)   0.45 (0.21;0.94)  
 Employment status 1.66 (0.75;3.66)   0.96 (0.45;2.03)   1.38 (0.69;2.78)   0.84 (0.41;1.75)   0.43 (0.19;0.94)   0.67 (0.33;1.35)  
 Smoking status 0.62 (0.14;2.64)   1.66 (0.33;8.42)   0.90 (0.23;3.52)   0.27 (0.06;1.19)   0.18 (0.03;0.97) 0.16 (0.03;0.91) 0.22 (0.03;1.87)  
 Sport history 1.61 (0.73;3.55)   0.95 (0.46;1.98)   1.22 (0.62;2.41)   1.40 (0.67;2.91)   1.54 (0.72;3.28)   0.92 (0.45;1.89)  
Clinical
 Cancer type 1.21 (0.52;2.81)   1.90 (0.83;4.35)   0.94 (0.46;1.93)   2.16 (0.97;4.80)   2.71 (1.16;6.36) 3.25 (1.31;8.02) 2.66 (1.27;5.56) 2.94 (1.38;6.27)
 Stage of disease 1.39 (0.54;3.56)   1.73 (0.71;4.22)   0.77 (0.36;1.69)   0.82 (0.40;1.69)   0.85 (0.40;1.82)   1.30 (0.63;2.66)  
Type of treatment
 Radiation therapy 2.04 (0.92;4.54)   0.79 (0.38;1.65)   1.39 (0.71;2.76)   0.99 (0.49;2.04)   0.90 (0.43;1.88)   1.17 (0.58;2.37)  
 Immunotherapy 0.67 (0.25;1.82)   1.05 (0.40;2.79)   1.96 (0.78;4.91)   0.58 (0.26;1.28)   0.85 (0.37;1.93)   1.11 (0.50;2.44)  
 Hormone therapy 1.17 (0.53;2.58)   0.79 (0.38;1.64)   1.31 (0.67;2.59)   1.32 (0.64;2.72)   0.58 (0.28;1.23)   0.69 (0.34;1.41)  
 Comorbidities 0.68 (0.22;2.12)   0.66 (0.22;1.99)   0.73 (0.24;2.17)   0.63 (0.20;1.96)   0.75 (0.23;2.48)   1.62 (0.51;5.18)  
 BMI 0.93 (0.86;1.02)   0.99 (0.91;1.08)   0.94 (0.87;1.02)   1.05 (0.96;1.15)   1.10 (0.96;1.22) 1.11 (1.00;1.23) 1.09 (1.00;1.19) 1.11 (1.01;1.21)
Psychosocial
 General fatigue 0.92 (0.83;1.02)   0.92 (0.83;1.01)   0.97 (0.89;1.06)   1.00 (0.92;1.09)   1.03 (0.94;1.13)   1.05 (0.96;1.14)  
 Global HRQoL 1.01 (0.99;1.03)   1.02 (1.00;1.04)   1.01 (0.98;1.03)   1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.01 (0.99;1.03)  
 Psychological distress 0.93 (0.87;0.99)   0.87 (0.81;0.94) 0.87 (0.81;0.94) 0.91 (0.85;0.98)   1.00 (0.94;1.07)   1.01 (0.94;1.08)   1.00 (0.93;1.07)  
 Attitude 1.03 (1.01;1.04)   1.02 (1.01;1.04)   1.02 (1.00;1.04)   1.01 (0.99;1.03)   1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.01 (0.99;1.03)  
 Perceived barriers 0.96 (0.92;0.99)   0.97 (0.94;1.00)   0.98 (0.95;1.01)   0.99 (0.96;1.02)   0.98 (0.95;1.01)   0.98 (0.95;1.01)  
 Outcome expectations 1.01 (0.99;1.04)   1.00 (0.98;1.03)   1.01 (0.99;1.03)   1.00 (0.98;1.03)   1.02 (0.99;1.05)   1.00 (0.98;1.03)  
 Self-efficacy 1.06 (1.03;1.09) 1.06 (1.03;1.09) 1.02 (1.00;1.05)   1.05 (1.02;1.07) 1.05 (1.02;1.07) 1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.00 (0.98;1.03)   1.01 (0.99;1.03)  
 Social support 1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.00 (0.99;1.02)   1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.00 (0.98;1.02)   1.01 (0.99;1.02)  
Physical
 Exercise stage 2.96 (1.26;6.93)   1.08 (0.52;2.26)   1.66 (0.83;3.33)   0.86 (0.42;1.77)   1.23 (0.58;2.60)   0.65 (0.32;1.32)  
 Self-reported PA 1.00 (0.99;1.01)   1.00 (1.00;1.01)   1.00 (1.00;1.01)   1.00 (0.99;1.00)   1.00 (0.99;1.00)   1.00 (1.00;1.00)  
Environmental
 Travel distance to the exercise program 1.03 (0.96;1.11)   0.95 (0.89;1.03)   0.99 (0.92;1.06)   1.00 (0.94;1.07)   1.06 (0.99;1.15)   1.02 (0.96;1.08)  
  1. Abbreviations: p ≤ 0.05 in bold, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, HRQoL Health-related quality of life, BMI body mass index, PA physical activity