Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 CONSORT risk of bias assessment and effectiveness of e-&mHealth interventions on physical activity and diet outcomes

From: The effectiveness of e-& mHealth interventions to promote physical activity and healthy diets in developing countries: A systematic review

Study Design CONSORT score (percentage of fulfilled criteria) e-& mHealth intervention effectiveness
Lana et al. 2014 [35] 3-group RCT 18 (72 %) Diet: 0
PA: 0
Rotheram-Borus et al. 2012 [50] 1-group pre-post-follow-up 7.5 (30 %) Diet: Not included
PA: 0
Ramachandran et al. 2013; Ram et al. 2014 [40, 41] Prospective 2-group RCT 22 (88 %) Diet: +
PA: 0
Shetty et al. 2011 [42] 2-group RCT 7 (28 %) Diet: 0
PA: 0
Zolfaghari et al. 2012 [47] 2-group CT 13.5 (54 %) Diet: 0
PA: 0
Chen et al. 2014 [51] 1-group pre-post 10.5 (42 %) Diet: +
PA: +
Tamban et al. 2013 [43] 2-group RCT 15 (60 %) Diet: +
PA: +
Nurgul et al. 2015 [52] 1-group pre-post 8.5 (34 %) Diet: +
PA: +
Bombem et al. 2013 [48] 2-group CT 11.5 (46 %) Diet: + (less decrease in diet quality)
PA: Not included
Sriramatr et al. 2014 [44] 2-group RCT 12 (48 %) Diet: Not included
PA: +
Shahid et al. 2015 [45] 2-group RCT 11.5 (46 %) Diet: +
PA: +
Müller et al. 2016 [46] 2-group RCT 22 (88 %) Diet: Not included
PA: +
Rubinstein et al. 2016 [36] 2-group RCT 22 (88 %) Diet: +
PA: 0
Ganesan et al., 2016 [37] 1-group pre-post 12 (48 %) Diet: Not included
PA: +
Pfammatter et al., 2016 [49] 2-group CT 16 (64 %) Diet: +
PA: 0
  1. PA physical activity, ‘+’ = significant positive effect of e-& mHealth intervention, ‘0’ = no significant effect of e-& mHealth intervention