Skip to main content

Table 1 BCTs used in dietary AND physical activity aspect of intervention

From: Behaviour change techniques targeting both diet and physical activity in type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis

BCT no. BCT Label (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) Total
4.1 Instruction on how to perform a behaviour 13
1.4 Action planning   12
9.1 Credible source   12
1.1 Goal setting (behaviour)     11
1.3 Goal setting (outcome)      10
3.1 Social support (unspecified)     10
2.3 Self-monitoring of behaviour       9
2.2 Feedback on behaviour           7
6.1 Demonstration of the behaviour            7
8.7 Graded tasks        7
12.5 Adding objects to the environment          7
1.2 Problem solving            5
2.5 Monitoring outcome(s) of behaviour by others without feedback            5
8.1 Behavioural practice/rehearsal             5
12.3 Avoidance/reducing exposure to cues for the behaviour            4
1.5 Review behaviour goal(s)               3
1.7 Review outcome goal(s)               3
2.4 Self-monitoring of outcome(s) of behaviour             3
2.7 Feedback on outcome(s) of behaviour              3
12.1 Restructuring the physical environment             3
2.1 Monitoring of behaviour by others without feedback               2
3.3 Social support (emotional)               2
5.1 Information about health consequences              2
6.2 Social comparison              2
7.1 Prompts/cues              2
8.2 Behaviour substitution               2
8.6 Generalization of a target behaviour               2
10.3 Non-specific reward              2
10.9 Self-reward              2
15.4 Self-talk              2
1.6 Discrepancy between current behaviour and goal               1
2.6 Biofeedback               1
3.2 Social support (practical)               1
7.5 Remove aversive stimulus               1
8.3 Habit formation               1
9.2 Pros and cons               1
10.2 Material reward (behaviour)               1
10.4 Social reward               1
10.6 Non-specific incentive               1
10.7 Self-incentive               1
11.2 Reduce negative emotions               1
12.2 Restructuring the social environment               1
13.1 Identification of self as role model               1
13.2 Framing/reframing               1
15.1 Verbal persuasion about capability               1
15.3 Focus on past success               1
  1. Studies are listed in alphabetical order. (1) [43], (2) [45], (3) [46], (4) [38], (5) [37], (6) [41], (7) [72], (8) [44], (9) [40], (10) ([39], (11) [42], (12) [36], (13) [47]