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Table 3 POMS Fatigue and Vigor subscales and overall scores, food craving questionnaire and urinary hormone concentrations

From: Effect of frequent interruptions of prolonged sitting on self-perceived levels of energy, mood, food cravings and cognitive function

Study outcomes SIT ONE MICRO
Fatigue Overall Morning 4.0 ± 3.7 4.4 ± 4.0 3.7 ± 4.2
Overall Afternoon 4.4 ± 3.8 3.0 ± 2.9 2.3 ± 2.8a
Worn Out 0.7 ± 0.7 0.6 ± 0.6 0.4 ± 0.6
Listless 0.6 ± 0.6 0.3 ± 0.5 0.3 ± 0.6
Fatigued 0.8 ± 0.7 0.7 ± 0.8 0.3 ± 0.6a
Exhausted 0.5 ± 0.6 0.4 ± 0.6 0.2 ± 0.4
Sluggish 1.0 ± 0.8 0.6 ± 0.6 0.5 ± 0.5a
Weary 0.6 ± 0.7 0.4 ± 0.6 0.3 ± 0.5a
Bushed 0.5 ± 0.7 0.3 ± 0.5 0.2 ± 0.6a
Vigor Overall Morning 8.5 ± 3.9 9.1 ± 4.7 9.0 ± 4.6
Overall Afternoon 8.0 ± 4.0 10.1 ± 4.1b 10.8 ± 4.3a
Lively 1.2 ± 0.8 1.2 ± 0.7 1.5 ± 0.7
Active 0.7 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.7a
Energetic 0.9 ± 0.8 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7
Cheerful 1.5 ± 0.7 1.8 ± 0.6 1.8 ± 0.6a
Alert 1.3 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 0.6 1.7 ± 0.5a
Full of Pep 0.6 ± 0.6 0.9 ± 0.7b 1.0 ± 0.7a
Carefree 1.3 ± 0.7 1.5 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.8
Vigorous 0.4 ± 0.6 0.4 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7a
FCQ Breakfast 47 ± 10 44 ± 10b 44 ± 9a
Lunch 45 ± 12 44 ± 11 42 ± 9a
Snack 40 ± 10 39 ± 9 38 ± 8
Urinary hormone concentrations Norepinephrine (μg/g) 34.1 ± 10.6 37.5 ± 10.6 39.3 ± 11.3
Epinephrine (μg/g) 6.5 ± 2.8 6.7 ± 3.7 8.0 ± 4.8
Cortisol (μg/L) 9.2 ± 4.1 8.3 ± 7.3 8.4 ± 4.0
Dopamine (μg/g) 180.8 ± 53.3 172.7 ± 47.6 186.4 ± 62.1
  1. Mean +/- SD, a P < 0.05 SIT versus MICRO, b P < 0.05 SIT versus ONE
  2. SIT uninterrupted sitting condition, ONE, uninterrupted sitting plus one continuous 30-min bout of moderate intensity treadmill walking, MICRO, uninterrupted sitting plus six 5-min bouts of moderate intensity treadmill walking, performed every hour for 6 h