Skip to main content

Table 4 Hierarchical multiple regression analyses for ECI, DINE Fat and DINE Fibre outcomes predicted by socio-demographic, knowledge, psychological variables and cooking and food skills variables

From: The influence of socio-demographic, psychological and knowledge-related variables alongside perceived cooking and food skills abilities in the prediction of diet quality in adults: a nationally representative cross-sectional study

  ECI DINE Fat DINE Fibre
  B (SE) β B (SE) β B (SE) β
Model 1: Socio-demographic R2 change = 0.089***   R2 change = 0.072***   R2 change = 0.027***  
 Age 0.660 (0.174) 0.112*** 1.229 (0.773) 0.047 2.442 (0.703) 0.108**
 Gender 0.523 (0.176) 0.088** -5.560 (0.780) -0.212*** -1.121 (0.709) -0.049
 Education level 0.219 (0.081) 0.088** -0.682 (0.357) -0.062 0.747 (0.325) 0.079*
 SES -0.420 (0.182) -0.071* 0.324 (0.810) 0.012 -0.505 (0.736) -0.022
Model 2: Knowledge R2 change = 0.028***   R2 change = 0.050***   R2 change = 0.004*  
 Nutrition knowledge 0.096 (0.042) 0.071* -1.134 (0.187) -0.191*** 0.094 (0.170) 0.018
Model 3: Psychological R2 change = 0.073***   R2 change = 0.022***   R2 change = 0.054***  
 Food and health consciousness 0.583 (0.112) 0.172*** -1.699 (0.497) -0.113** 2.205 (0.452) 0.170***
 Cooking identity 0.084 (0.023) 0.154*** 0.473 (0.100) 0.195*** 0.505 (0.091) 0.242***
 Food neophilia 0.036 (0.042) 0.033 -0.557 (0.189) -0.114** -0.417 (0.171) -0.099*
Model 4: Cooking and food skills R2 change = 0.006   R2 change = 0.046***   R2 change = 0.017***  
 Meal prep frequency 0.184 (0.078) 0.072* 1.766 (0.348) 0.156*** 0.884 (0.317) 0.090**
 Cooking skills ability 0.004 (0.005) 0.040 -0.132 (0.021) -0.296*** -0.043 (0.020) -0.113*
 Food skills ability -0.005 (0.003) -0.070 0.056 (0.015) .166*** -0.015 (0.014) -0.052
 Final Model R2 0.195***   0.190***   0.101***  
  1. SES socio-economic status, ECI Eating choices Index, DINE Dietary instrument for nutrition education. ***Group difference is significant at the 0.001 level (2-tailed); **Group difference is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed); *Group difference is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed)