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Table 4 Differences in mean scores between the Mother only learners and other sources on various measures

From: Learning cooking skills at different ages: a cross-sectional study

  Reliability Range Overall Sample F (df) Significance Mother Only (n = 426) Other (n = 600)
  α   M (SD)   P M (SD) M (SD)
Cooking + Food Skills
Cooking Confidence 0.93 0–98 47.78 (29.32) 5.35 (1,1024) 0.021 51.31a (27.66) 47.11b (29.39)
No. of CS 0–14 8.21 (4.49) 6.88 (1,1024) 0.009 8.85a (4.29) 8.12b (4.40)
FS Confidence 0.94 0–133 45.82 (38.64) 0.29 (1,1024) 0.581 47.52 (35.75) 46.20 (40.44)
No. of FS 0–19 7.83(6.01) 0.89 (1,1024) 0.339 8.19 (5.73) 7.83 (6.15)
Cooking Practices
Time spent cooking midweek 0–240 45.48 (34.02) 3.07 (1,1014) 0.092 48.26 (38.45) 44.46 (30.61)
Time spent cooking weekend 0–280 53.83 (36.52) 1.95 (1,1024) 0.163 56.42 (39.36) 53.20 (34.25)
Food Safety 0.62 0–5 2.78 (1.54) 1.23 (1,1024) 0.268 2.88 (1.48) 2.77 (1.55)
Food Waste 0.71 2–6 3.42 (1.00) 3.23 (1,1024) 0.072 3.35 (0.97) 3.46 (1.01)
Cooking Attitudes
Cooking Creativity 0.78 6–30 18.69 (4.79) 9.03 (1,1024) 0.002 19.34a (4.58) 18.44b (4.84)
Cooking Identity 0.88 7–35 24.45 (5.39) 14.40 (1,1024) 0.000 25.38a (4.61) 24.13b (5.55)
Food Neophilia 0.74 3–15 10.47 (2.67) 0.16 (1,1023) 0.686 10.48 (2.57) 10.55 (2.71)
Diet Quality
ECI 4–20 12.22 (2.95) 5.87 (1,1024) 0.016 12.55a (2.93) 12.10b (2.90)
DINE (Sat Fat) 8–92 35.54 (13.04) 0.00 (1,1024) 0.995 35.53 (12.97) 35.52 (13.06)
DINE (fibre) 6–91 34.62 (11.25) 3.67 (1,1024) 0.052 35.65a (10.54) 34.29b (11.60)
Fried food 1–5 2.43 (0.78) 10.58 (1,1024) 0.001 2.33a (0.78) 2.49b (0.76)
Biscuits/Choc/Savoury Snacks 1–5 3.13 (1.07) 1.33 (1,1024) 0.249 3.18 (1.09) 3.10 (1.06)
Consumption of Takeaway 1–6 2.55 (0.92) 13.19 (1,1024) 0.000 2.40a (0.88) 2.61b (0.92)
Consumption of Takeaway style food 1–6 2.29 (0.97) 13.46 (1,1024) 0.000 2.14a (0.91) 2.36b (0.97)
Portions of Fruit per day 0–5 2.48 (0.97) 7.48 (1,998) 0.006 2.60a (0.95) 2.43b (0.97)
Portions of Veg per day 0–5 1.88 (1.00) 14.52 (1,1024) 0.000 2.04a (1.05) 1.80b (0.95)
Health + Wellbeing Indicators
BMI 13.03–46.42 24.45 (4.20) 0.40 (1,742) 0.528 25.54 (4.39) 24.34 (4.10)
GHI 2–10 6.85 (1.62) 3.30 (1,1024) 0.069 6.99 (1.56) 6.81 (1.63)
  1. M mean, SD Standard Deviation, CS Cooking skills, FS Food skills, ECI Eating Choice Index, DINE Dietary Index for Nutrition Education, Sat Saturated, BMI Body Mass Index, GHI General Health Interest
  2. Superscript letters depict where significant differences (P < 0.05) fall between the Mother only learners and all other sources