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Table 2 Diet-related deaths of specific causes and percentage change by age between 1990 and 2013 in Ethiopia

From: The impact of dietary risk factors on the burden of non-communicable diseases in Ethiopia: findings from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013

Age category Metric 1990 (95% UI) 2013 (95% UI) Percentage change
Diabetes, urogenital, blood, and endocrine diseases CVD Cancer Diabetes, urogenital, blood, and endocrine diseases CVD Cancer Diabetes, urogenital, blood, and endocrine diseases CVD Cancer
15 to 49 years Number of deaths 347 (253–460) 3898 (2730–5232) 486 (284–722) 417 (304–547) 3878 (2772–5140) 603 (366–889) 20.2% -0.5% 24.1%
Rate (per 100,000) 1.7 (1.2–2.2) 19 (13–25) 2.3 (1.4–3.4) 0.94 (0.68–1.23) 9 (6–12) 1.4 (0.82–1.99) -44.7% -52.6% -39.1%
  Proportion (%) of all deaths 0.2% 2.5% 0.3% 0.3% 2.4% 0.4% 13.0% -5.1% 6.3%
Proportion (%) within the specific disease death 8.8% (6.8–11.4) 38.9% (30.3–50.0) 6.9% (4.3–10.0) 8.5% (6.4–11.0) 37.1% (29.8–46.8) 6.7% (4.2–9.7) -3.4% -4.6% -3.9%
50 to 69 years Number of deaths 874 (634–1150) 16,466 (12,326–21,122) 1651 (910–2516) 1271 (961–1612) 23,087 (16,911–29,471) 2232 (1278–3392) 45.4% 40.2% 35.2%
Rate (per 100,000) 22 (16–29) 413 (309–530) 42 (23–63) 17 (13–22) 309 (226–394) 30 (17–45) -22.7% -25.2% -28.6%
Proportion (%) of all deaths 0.6% 11.6% 1.2% 0.8% 14.5% 1.4% 29.0% 24.8% 20.7%
Proportion (%) within the specific disease death 13.5% (10.6–16.9) 54.1% (42.3–67.7) 11.3% (6.6–16.8) 14.4% (11.6–17.5) 51.7% (40.4–63.0) 10.6% (6.4–15.3) 6.7% -4.4% -6.2%
70+ years Number of deaths 451 (310–653) 12,426 (9120–16,276) 867 (556–1263) 870 (623–1160) 26,411 (18,983–33,739) 1635 (1102–2312) 92.9% 112.5% 88.6%
Rate (per 100,000) 53 (36–76) 1450 (1065–1900) 101 (65–147) 46 (33–61) 1394 (1002–1781) 86 (58–122) -13.2% -3.9% -14.9%
Proportion (%) of all deaths 0.5% 12.9% 0.9% 0.5% 15.6% 1.0% 8.5% 20.8% 6.7%
Proportion (%) within the specific disease death 9.4% (6.8–13.4) 44.0% (33.3–57.0) 13.1% (8.9–18.7) 9.4% (6.9–12.4) 40.8% (30.7–50.9) 12.3% (8.5–16.8) 0.0% -7.3% -6.1%
Total Number of deaths 1672 (1271–2135) 32,790 (24,804–41,594) 3004 (1803–4368) 2558 (2056–3164) 53,375 (39,172–66,645) 4470 (2792–6422) 53.0% 62.8% 48.8%
Unstandardized rate (per 100,000) 3.5 (2.7–4.5) 68 (52–87) 6 (4–9) 2.7 (2.2–3.4) 57 (42–71) 5 (3–7) -22.9% -16.2% -16.7%
Age-standardized rate (per 100,000) 9 (7–11) 192 (145–242) 16 (10–24) 7 (6–9) 163 (119–204) 13 (8–18) -22.2% -15.1% -18.8%
Unstandardized proportion (%) out of all deaths 0.2% 3.7% 0.3% 0.3% 7.1% 0.6% 78.9% 93.0% 76.5%
Unstandardized proportion (%) out of all NCDs deaths 0.9% 18.3% 1.7% 1.0% 20.4% 1.7% 11.1% 11.5% 0.0%
Unstandardized proportion (%) within the specific disease death 9.0% (6.9–11.4) 46.1% (36.3–57.0) 10.1% (6.4–14.2) 10.0% (8.1–12.1) 44.0% (34.3–52.8) 9.8% (6.3–13.7) 11.1% -4.6% -3.0%
Age-standardized proportion (%) within the specific disease death 10.2% (8.1–12.9) 45.6% (35.6–56.7) 11.5% (7.6–16.1) 10.6% (8.6–13.0) 42.9% (33.3–52.0) 10.9% (7.1–15.0) 3.9% -5.9% -5.2%
  1. CVD cardiovascular disease; NCD non-communicable disease; UI uncertainty interval