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Table 1 Group characteristics of HiPA and LoPA participants

From: Impact of physical activity level and dietary fat content on passive overconsumption of energy in non-obese adults

  HiPA LoPA p-value
n 20 (10 F) 19 (11 F)  
Age (years) 29.9 ± 9.6 30.4 ± 9.3 0.851
BMI (kg/m2) 22.6 ± 1.9 23.1 ± 2.7 0.490
Total mass (kg) 68.2 ± 11.1 64.0 ± 11.9 0.264
Fat mass (kg) 13.1 ± 5.4 16.8 ± 6.0 0.056
Fat-free mass (kg) 55.0 ± 11.9 47.3 ± 8.6 0.025
Body fat (%) 19.7 ± 8.2 25.6 ± 7.1 0.018
RMR (kcal/day) 1669.8 ± 226.7 1570.9 ± 296.8 0.248
RER 0.79 ± 0.07 0.75 ± 0.06 0.061
WC (cm) 79.8 ± 5.5 81.2 ± 9.4 0.593
VO2max (mL/kg/min) 50.5 ± 7.5 34.7 ± 5.6 <0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 4.8 ± 0.4 5.0 ± 0.4a 0.221
Fasting insulin (mU/L) 7.1 ± 3.3 8.7 ± 4.5a 0.225
HOMA-IR 1.52 ± 0.74 2.00 ± 1.25a 0.166
Fasting leptin (pg/mL) 8033.4 ± 7712.2 8561.2 ± 5743.6a 0.821
Fasting ghrelin (pg/mL) 47.2 ± 26.4b 71.8 ± 58.9c 0.246
  1. a n = 16
  2. b n = 12
  3. c n = 10
  4. BMI body mass index, HOMA-IR homeostasis model of risk assessment-insulin resistance, HiPA high level of physical activity, LoPA low level of physical activity, RER respiratory exchange ratio, RMR resting metabolic rate, VO 2max maximal aerobic capacity, WC waist circumference