Skip to main content

Table 5 Mixed effects logistic regression models of the relationship between children’s combined adherence to multiple lifestyle behavior recommendations and the odds of meeting expectations on standardized exams in Mathematics, Reading and Writing

From: The combined impact of diet, physical activity, sleep and screen time on academic achievement: a prospective study of elementary school students in Nova Scotia, Canada

  Academic Achievement
Mathematics Reading Writing
OR (95% CI) a p-value OR (95% CI) a p-value OR (95% CI) a p-value
Per recommendation metb 1.13 (1.06, 1.20) <0.001 1.26 (1.17, 1.35) <0.001 1.21 (1.11, 1.32) <0.001
No. of Recommendations Metb
 3 or less - - - - - -
 4–6 1.12 (0.81, 1.54) 0.50 1.85 (1.32, 2.59) <0.001 1.98 (1.38, 2.84) <0.001
 7–9 1.47 (1.04, 2.06) 0.03 3.07 (2.09, 4.51) <0.001 2.77 (1.83, 4.20) <0.001
  1. aAdjusted for body weight status, gender, parental education, parental income, region of residence and energy intake
  2. bIncludes meeting recommendations for vegetables and fruit, grain products, milk and alternatives, meat and alternatives, saturated fat, free sugars, physical activity cutoffs, sleep, and screen time
  3. Results in bold are statistically significant (p < 0.05)