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Table 3 Within-person associations (i.e., compensation) among MVPA minutes/day across 5 primary locations (N = 3776 days)

From: Within-person associations of young adolescents’ physical activity across five primary locations: is there evidence of cross-location compensation?

  Compensation effect Factors p < .05 associated with more compensation or less generalization (interaction B)a
B (95% CI) minutes/day p
Associations across locations
 Home neighborhood → At home 0.07 (0.04, 0.10) <.001 High income (-0.09)
Non-White or Hispanic (-0.10)
+1 year in age (-0.03)
 Home neighborhood → School neighborhoodb 0.00 (−0.01, 0.02) .806 [none]
 Home neighborhood → Other locations 0.01 (−0.04, 0.06) .627 Boys (−0.14)
 At school → At home −0.06 (−0.09, −0.03) <.001 Boys (−0.07)
Non-White or Hispanic (-0.11)
 At school → Home neighborhood −0.02 (−0.05, 0.01) .170 [none]
 At school → School neighborhood 0.01 (−0.01, 0.02) .483 [none]
 At school → Other locations −0.06 (−0.11, −0.02) .006 [none]
 At home → School neighborhood −0.02 (−0.04, 0.00) .106 [none]
 Other locations → School neighborhood 0.00 (−0.01, 0.01) .861 [none]
 Other locations → At home 0.00 (−0.04, 0.03) .762 Boys (−0.06)
Higher walkability (−0.10)
  1. Note: The independent variable appears before the arrow and the dependent variable appears after the arrow. Daily MVPA in each location was participant mean centered so that the effects would reflect within person differences. All models were adjusted for daily time in location which was also participant mean centered
  2. aModerators tested were participant gender, age, race/ethnicity, and BMI percentile, neighborhood walkability and income, and parent education
  3. bExcluded participants with overlap between their home and school neighborhood (20% of sample)