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Table 5 Adjusted associations between individuals’ home food preparation skills and behaviours and percentage of dietary energy from ultra-processed foods (n = 509)*

From: Association between home food preparation skills and behaviour, and consumption of ultra-processed foods: Cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet and nutrition survey (2008–2009)

Variable Adjusted regression coefficient (95% confidence intervals)
Confident with all 8 techniques Confident with all 10 foods Can bake cake or biscuits without help Cook main meal 5+ time per week
Home food preparation skill or behaviour −1.56 (−3.87 to 0.75) −3.76 (−6.02 to −1.50) −3.87 (−6.62 to −1.12) −2.84 (−5.43 to −0.24)
Sex 1.31 (−0.99 to 3.62) 1.51 (−0.77 to 3.79) 2.71 (0.20 to 5.22) 2.09 (−0.36 to 4.53)
Age −0.16 (−0.24 to −0.09) −0.16 (−0.23 to −0.09) −0.17 (−0.24 to −0.09) −0.16 (−0.23 to −0.09)
Other adults in household 0.45 (−2.07 to 2.97) 0.50 (−1.99 to 3.00) 0.46 (−2.05 to 2.97) 0.18 (02.35 to 2.70)
Children in household 0.54 (−2.18 to 3.26) 0.25 (−2.43 to 2.92) 0.64 (−2.05 to 3.33) 0.31 (−2.39 to 3.00)
NS-SEC (intermediate vs managerial & professional) −1.05 (−4.11 to 2.02) −1.20 (−4.24 to 1.84) −1.25 (−4.30 to 1.80) −0.83 (−3.89 to 2.23)
NS-SEC (routine & manual vs managerial & professional) 1.52 (−1.02 to 4.07) 1.06 (−1.46 to 3.59) 1.63 (−0.87 to 4.13) 1.85 (−0.63 to 4.35)
  1. NS-SEC National Statistics Socio-economic Classification
  2. *Each column represents a separate model with adjustment for all variables listed