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Table 3 Association between fruits/vegetables and whole grains availability and purchases of fruits/vegetables and whole grainsa

From: Association between store food environment and customer purchases in small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores

  Model 1b Model 2c Model 3d
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Fruits/Vegetables: Odds of fruits/vegetables purchasedd
Pounds: fresh & frozen
 None -- -- -- -- -- --
 1–29 ref   ref   ref  
 30–89 1.2 (0.4, 3.8) 1.2 (0.4, 3.9) 1.1 (0.3, 3.9)
  ≥ 90 3.6 (1.5, 8.9) 3.0 (1.2, 7.6) 3.0 (0.9, 9.9)
Varieties: fresh, frozen, & canned
 0–6 ref   ref   ref  
 7–13 1.7 (0.7, 4.2) 1.7 (0.6, 4.5) 1.8 (0.6, 5.1)
  ≥ 14 2.9 (1.2, 7.2) 2.8 (1.1, 7.0) 3.9 (1.2, 12.3)
Healthy impulse buys
 Yes 1.2 (0.6, 2.6) 1.3 (0.6, 2.8) 1.3 (0.6, 2.9)
 No ref   ref   ref  
Shelf space: fresh
 None -- -- -- -- -- --
 Low ref   ref   ref  
 Higher 3.2 (1.3, 8.2) 2.6 (1.0, 6.5) 2.1 (0.7, 5.8)
Shelf space ratio
 None -- -- -- -- -- --
 Low ref   ref   ref  
 Higher 3.0 (1.3, 7.4) 3.0 (1.2, 7.3) 2.7 (0.9, 7.9)
Visible from entrance
 Yes 2.0 (1.0, 4.1) 1.9 (0.9, 4.0) 2.3 (1.0, 5.8)
 No ref   ref   ref  
Whole Grains: Odds of whole grains purchasee
Pounds
 0–4 ref   ref   ref  
 5–14 1.7 (0.8, 3.7) 1.6 (0.7, 3.4) 1.9 (0.7, 5.1)
 15–29 0.7 (0.2, 2.0) 0.7 (0.2, 2.1) 1.2 (0.3, 4.5)
 ≥ 30 1.7 (0.8, 3.6) 1.5 (0.7, 3.4) 1.8 (0.5, 6.0)
Varieties
 0–1 ref   ref   ref  
 2 0.8 (0.3, 1.9) 0.7 (0.3, 1.8) 0.8 (0.2, 2.7)
 3 0.7 (0.3, 1.6) 0.6 (0.3, 1.5) 0.5 (0.1, 1.6)
 ≥ 4 1.5 (0.7, 3.2) 1.4 (0.7, 3.1) 1.1 (0.3, 3.8)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, Ref referent group
  2. aData collected in Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN in 2014
  3. bunadjusted
  4. cadjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education
  5. dadjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education and store type
  6. e ≥ 1 serving