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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of intervention participants and controls

From: Effects of a physical activity and nutrition program in retirement villages: a cluster randomised controlled trial

Variables Tota (n = 280) Intervention group (n = 139) Control group (n = 141) p a
Gender     0.449
 Female 209 (74.6%) 101 (72.7%) 108 (76.6%)  
 Male 71 (25.4%) 38 (27.3%) 33 (23.4%)  
Education level     0.326
 Secondary school or below 143 (51.1%) 77 (55.4%) 66 (46.8%)  
 Trade certificate/diploma 57 (20.4%) 27 (19.4%) 30 (21.3%)  
 University 80 (28.5%) 35 (25.2%) 45 (31.9%)  
Relationship status     0.024
 No partner 103 (36.8%) 42 (30.2%) 61 (43.3%)  
 With partner 177 (63.2%) 97 (69.8%) 80 (56.7%)  
Smoking status     0.827
 Never 171 (61.1%) 84 (60.4%) 87 (61.7%)  
 Former/current 109 (38.9%) 55 (39.6%) 54 (38.3%)  
Co-morbidity b     0.116
 No 41 (14.6%) 25 (18.0%) 16 (11.3%)  
 Yes 239 (85.4%) 114 (82.0%) 125 (88.7%)  
Age: mean (SD) years 72 (5.2) 72.71 (5.02) 71.88 (5.39) 0.186
Height: mean (SD) m 1.6 (0.1) 1.63 (0.09) 1.64 (0.10) 0.504
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aChi-square or t-test between intervention and control groups
  3. bPresence of at least one of eight common health conditions