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Table 2 Comparison of outcomes intervention and controls at baseline and post-program

From: Effects of a physical activity and nutrition program in retirement villages: a cluster randomised controlled trial

Outcomes Intervention group Control group  
(n = 139) (n = 141)
  Baseline Post Baseline Post  
Weight: mean (SD) kg 75.57 75.07 76.84 76.86 p 2 = 0.515
(14.97) (14.78) (17.36) (17.67) p 3 = 0.359
  p 1 = 0.027 p 1 = 0.924  
Body mass index: mean (SD) kg/m2 28.38 28.31 28.62 28.59 p 2 = 0.688
(4.59) (4.97) (5.63) (5.74) p 3 = 0.667
  p 1 = 0.660 p 1 = 0.669  
Waist-to-hip ratio: mean (SD) 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.90 p 2 = 0.910
(0.09) (0.09) (0.09) (0.09) p 3 = 0.254
  p 1 = 0.727 p 1 = 0.093  
Systolic blood pressure: mean (SD) mmHg 141.01 141.39 141.26 142.42 p 2 = 0.909
(18.17) (18.92) (18.30) (17.88) p 3 = 0.640
  p 1 = 0.797 p 1 = 0.434  
Diastolic blood pressure: mean (SD) mmHg 78.40 77.22 78.28 79.23 p 2 = 0.915
(9.57) (9.57) (9.55) (10.45) p 3 = 0.096
  p 1 = 0.089 p 1 = 0.199  
Walking time: mean (SD) minutes per week 239.72 231.59 216.01 224.45 p 2 = 0.510
(324.68) (260.27) (275.02) (270.35) p 3 = 0.822
  p 1 = 0.769 p 1 = 0.712  
Sitting time: mean (SD) minutes per week 2398.13 2223.38 2426.40 2463.25 p 2 = 0.812
(905.68) (1089.16) (1074.20) (1103.47) p 3 = 0.069
  p 1 = 0.064 p 1 = 0.697  
Moderate activity: mean (SD) minutes per week 139.79 219.53 129.18 137.83 p 2 = 0.683
(165.88) (280.90) (257.86) (174.48) p 3 = 0.004
  p 1 = 0.003 p 1 = 0.692  
Vigorous activity: a n (%) 23 27 17 25 p 2 = 0.283
(16.5%) (19.4%) (12.1%) (17.7%) p 3 = 0.716
  p 1 = 0.532 p 1 = 0.181  
Strength exercise: an (%) 33 67 39 42 p 2 = 0.453
(23.7%) (48.2%) (27.7%) (29.8%) p 3 = 0.002
  p 1 < 0.001 p 1 = 0.693  
Fruit intake: bn (%) 96 104 92 84 p 2 = 0.497
(69.1%) (74.8%) (65.2%) (59.6%) p 3 = 0.007
  p 1 = 0.286 p 1 = 0.325  
Vegetable intake: bn (%) 126 127 123 118 p 2 = 0.363
(90.6%) (91.4%) (87.2%) (83.7%) p 3 = 0.052
  p 1 = 0.834 p 1 = 0.398  
Fibre intake score: mean (SD) 3.51 3.60 3.48 3.50 p 2 = 0.715
(0.58) (0.55) (0.63) (0.56) p 3 = 0.138
  p 1 = 0.006 p 1 = 0.616  
Fat intake score: mean (SD) 3.50 3.59 3.58 3.63 p 2 = 0.162
(0.51) (0.52) (0.47) (0.44) p 3 = 0.527
  p 1 < 0.001 p 1 = 0.092  
Fat avoidance score: mean (SD) 3.65 3.70 3.51 3.62 p 2 = 0.195
(0.85) (0.88) (0.94) (0.91) p 3 = 0.444
  p 1 = 0.290 p 1 = 0.049  
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aparticipation of at least 10 min
  3. bconsumption of at least two servings on 3 to 7 days per week
  4. p 1: p value for baseline versus post
  5. p 2: p value for baseline intervention versus baseline control
  6. p 3: p value for post intervention versus post control