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Table 1 Characterization of body mass index, physical activity and average number of times various food groups were consumed per month among study participants in Puno, Peru

From: Disparities in dietary intake and physical activity patterns across the urbanization divide in the Peruvian Andes

  Urban (n = 503) Rural (n = 502) p-value Difference in multivariable analysesb p-value
Mean age in years (SD) 55.3 (12.1) 55.5 (23.5) 0.76 - -
% Males (n) 49.5 (249) 47.2 (237) 0.47 - -
Mean wealth index (SD) 294 (7.95) 96.7 (3.38) <0.001   
Average BMI in kg/m2 mean (SD) 27.9 (4.37) 25.2 (3.72) <0.001   
BMI Categoriesa
 % underweight, (n) 0.59% (3) 1.6% (8) <0.001 - -
 % normal weight, (n) 23.2 (117) 50.5(253)   
 % overweight, (n) 49.7 (250) 37.1 (186)   
 % obese, (n) 26.4 (133) 10.8 (54)   
Physical Activity
 Average days walking/week, mean (SD) 5.79 (1.96) 6.49 (1.51) <0.001 0.75 <0.001
 Average hours walking/day, mean (SD) 1.57 (2.08) 2.58 (2.11) <0.001 0.94 <0.001
Food Groups
 Whole grains 14 12 0.25 0.84 0.47
 Fruit 25 12 <0.001 −6.8 <0.001
 Green vegetables 14 8.9 <0.001 −1.8 0.11
 Cooked Vegetables 36 40 0.015 −0.47 0.77
 Raw Vegetables 5.8 3.4 <0.001 −2.0 <0.001
 Legume 4.6 6.5 0.001 1.7 0.02
 Meat 15 16 0.28 2.1 0.22
 Organ 4.2 3.4 0.06 −2.5 <0.001
 Poultry 13 3.9 <0.001 −7.0 <0.001
 Seafood 4.8 3.9 <0.001 −0.55 0.07
 Eggs 12 10 0.06 −0.14 0.88
 Potatoes 30. 48 <0.001 15 <0.001
 Refined Grains 38 14 <0.001 −20 <0.001
 Dairy 19 11 <0.001 −4.3 <0.001
 Desserts 4.1 2.3 <0.001 −1.1 0.02
 Ice Cream 3.1 2.9 0.51 0.14 0.72
 Sugar 64 50 <0.001 −13 <0.001
 Soda 7.2 4.6 <0.001 −2.4 0.002
 Fruit Juice 9.6 3.1 <0.001 −3.9 <0.001
 Fried Food 7.0 6.3 0.14 −0.59 0.325
 Snacks 4.0 3.7 0.55 −1.0 0.15
  1. aBMI categories defined by World Health Organization; underweight (BMI ≤ 18.5 kg/m2); normal weight (18.5 kg/m2 ≥ BMI ≤ 24.9 kg/m2); overweight (25 kg/m2 ≥ BMI ≤ 29.9 kg/m2); obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2)
  2. bModels were adjusted for age, sex, BMI and wealth index