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Table 4 Sleep quality and sleep efficiency of grade 5 children and electronic and entertainment communication device bedroom access and use during the hour before sleep

From: The use of entertainment and communication technologies before sleep could affect sleep and weight status: a population-based study among children

  % Good sleep quality (%) p-value Very good sleep efficiency (%) p-value
TV
 No access and no use 53.7 36.3 0.67 94.5 0.01
 Access but never used 14.2 35.9   96.4  
 Access and used 20.1 32.1   90.8  
aNo access and used 12.0 32.4   94.7  
Computer
 No access and no use 54.5 36.4 0.17 94.5 0.71
 Access but never used 13.8 31.5   93.1  
 Access and used 12.3 30.1   93.1  
aNo access and used 19.4 36.2   93.5  
Tablet
 No access and no use 52.3 36.2 0.67 94.3 0.64
 Access but never used 10.2 32.7   93.7  
 Access and used 16.3 35.0   92.5  
aNo access and used 21.2 33.5   94.3  
Video Games
 No access and no use 60.9 36.3 0.77 95.1 0.01
 Access but never used 15.9 31.6   94.6  
 Access and used 10.3 34.2   91.9  
aNo access and used 12.9 35.0   90.6  
Cell Phone
 No access and no use 59.0 36.6 0.10 95.1 0.03
 Access but never used 23.1 33.2   93.1  
 Access and used 11.8 28.9   90.6  
aNo access and used 6.1 38.8   94.6  
At least one device
 No access and no use 12.2 35.5 0.29 94.9 0.06
 Access but never used 17.8 36.9   95.7  
 Access and used 56.4 33.1   92.8  
aNo access and used 13.6 39.1   96.0  
Reading
 No access and frequent reading 19.9 38.4 <0.001 96.3 0.01
 Access but frequent reading 52.9 37.5   94.5  
 Access and rarely reading 21.2 25.9   91.0  
 No access and rarely reading 6.0 34.1   92.7  
  1. aResponse category considered illogical: No access to EECD in the bedroom and is used in the bedroom during the hour before sleep
  2. p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant