Skip to main content

Table 4 Sleep quality and sleep efficiency of grade 5 children and electronic and entertainment communication device bedroom access and use during the hour before sleep

From: The use of entertainment and communication technologies before sleep could affect sleep and weight status: a population-based study among children

 

%

Good sleep quality (%)

p-value

Very good sleep efficiency (%)

p-value

TV

 No access and no use

53.7

36.3

0.67

94.5

0.01

 Access but never used

14.2

35.9

 

96.4

 

 Access and used

20.1

32.1

 

90.8

 

aNo access and used

12.0

32.4

 

94.7

 

Computer

 No access and no use

54.5

36.4

0.17

94.5

0.71

 Access but never used

13.8

31.5

 

93.1

 

 Access and used

12.3

30.1

 

93.1

 

aNo access and used

19.4

36.2

 

93.5

 

Tablet

 No access and no use

52.3

36.2

0.67

94.3

0.64

 Access but never used

10.2

32.7

 

93.7

 

 Access and used

16.3

35.0

 

92.5

 

aNo access and used

21.2

33.5

 

94.3

 

Video Games

 No access and no use

60.9

36.3

0.77

95.1

0.01

 Access but never used

15.9

31.6

 

94.6

 

 Access and used

10.3

34.2

 

91.9

 

aNo access and used

12.9

35.0

 

90.6

 

Cell Phone

 No access and no use

59.0

36.6

0.10

95.1

0.03

 Access but never used

23.1

33.2

 

93.1

 

 Access and used

11.8

28.9

 

90.6

 

aNo access and used

6.1

38.8

 

94.6

 

At least one device

 No access and no use

12.2

35.5

0.29

94.9

0.06

 Access but never used

17.8

36.9

 

95.7

 

 Access and used

56.4

33.1

 

92.8

 

aNo access and used

13.6

39.1

 

96.0

 

Reading

 No access and frequent reading

19.9

38.4

<0.001

96.3

0.01

 Access but frequent reading

52.9

37.5

 

94.5

 

 Access and rarely reading

21.2

25.9

 

91.0

 

 No access and rarely reading

6.0

34.1

 

92.7

 
  1. aResponse category considered illogical: No access to EECD in the bedroom and is used in the bedroom during the hour before sleep
  2. p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant