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Table 2 Associations between physical environmental neighbourhood factors and total sedentary time (N = 347)

From: Objectively measured physical environmental neighbourhood factors are not associated with accelerometer-determined total sedentary time in adults

Physical environmental neighbourhood factors b Physical environmental factors separately (n = 347) Model 1: Physical environmental factors combined (n = 347) Model 2: Adjusted for individual factors a (n = 329)
b (S.E.) c p b (S.E.) c p b (S.E.) c p
Presence of food outlets and grocery stores
 Restaurants 0.36 (1.39) 0.80 1.54 (1.66) 0.38 1.32 (1.74) 0.47
 Café/bar −0.32 (1.59) 0.84 - - - -
 Supermarkets −4.46 (2.71) 0.11 −5.77 (3.48) 0.14 −4.81 (3.75) 0.24
 Local food shops −1.64 (2.35) 0.50 - - - -
Aesthetics
 Green/water area 0.12 (0.20) 0.54 0.09 (0.25) 0.74 −0.02 (0.27) 0.93
 Residential gardens 0.02 (0.19) 0.90 - - - -
 Litter 0.13 (0.22) 0.55 - - - -
Presence of public transport
 Presence of bus/tram stops −1.93 (1.50) 0.21 −0.99 (2.00) 0.63 0.14 (2.13) 0.95
Presence of cycling-related items
 Presence of bicycle lanes 0.87 (0.59) 0.16 - - - -
 Obstacles on bicycle lanes −0.97 (0.60) 0.13 −0.80 (0.62) 0.24 −0.75 (0.66) 0.30
 Traffic calming devices 0.52 (0.26) 0.06* 0.58 (0.35) 0.13 0.59 (0.37) 0.14
Presence of walking-related items
 Pedestrian crossings 0.43 (0.36) 0.25 −0.10 (0.44) 0.82 0.28 (0.48) 0.59
 Presence of side walks −0.20 (0.19) 0.30 −0.21 (0.22) 0.38 −0.19 (0.24) 0.45
Land-use mix
 Percentage of residential buildings 0.07 (0.74) 0.92 0.25 (0.84) 0.77 0.38 (0.88) 0.68
Presence of physical activity facilities
 Outdoor recreational facilities 2.84 (2.84) 0.33 −3.19 (3.34) 0.37 −3.06 (3.58) 0.42
 Public parks −0.72 (0.98) 0.47 - - - -
  1. *0.05 < p < 0.10
  2. aIncluded covariates were age, gender, educational level, and household composition
  3. bAll physical environmental factors are expressed in the percentage of street segments within a neighbourhood including the physical environmental factor
  4. cThe b’s represent the increase in total sedentary time (minutes/day) with a one unit increase in the physical environmental factors. For example, if there is an increase of 1% of the street segments within a neighbourhood with outdoor recreational facilities, residents of this neighbourhood will sit 2.84 min more per day