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Table 1 Study characteristics of quantitative studies (N = 41)

From: Systematic mapping review of the factors influencing physical activity and sedentary behaviour in ethnic minority groups in Europe: a DEDIPAC study

Author Study design Study population Sample characteristics Number of participants Setting, country Recruitment Physical activity (PA), Sedentary Behaviours (SB) Measurement Quality score
Andersen et al., 2011 [65] RCT Pakistani immigrant men 25–60 years 150 Oslo, Norway Mosques and Muslim festivals PA Accelerometer, treadmill, questionnaire 20/22
Andersen et al., 2013
RCT Pakistani immigrant men 25–60 years 126 Oslo, Norway Mosques and Muslim festivals PA Accelerometer 21/24
Arvidson et al., 2014
Cross sectional Iraqis and Swedes 30–75 years 599 Iraqis
553 Swedes
Malmö, Sweden Randomly selected from the census register PA Self-report, accelerometer 20/22
Babakus et al., 2012 [5] Review South Asian women 18 years and older 26 quantitative 12 qualitative studies UK, US, Canada, Australia, Norway, India, New Zealand, Guadeloupe Various PA, SB Various 18/18
Besharat Pour et al.,
2014 [77]
Cross sectional Children of immigrants and Swedish parents 8 years 2589
21.7% one or two immigrant parents
Stockholm, Sweden Prospective birth cohort study BAMSE PA Parental questionnaire 22/22
Dawson et al., 2005
Cross sectional Born in Sweden, Western Europe, Finland, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, other countries 20–74 years 7172 men (699 immigrants)
7313 women (799 immigrants)
Sweden General population PA Questionnaire 21/22
De Munter et al., 2012 [67] Cross
South Asian-Surinamese, African-Surinamese and European-Dutch 35–60 years 370 South Asian-Surinamese, 689 African-Surinamese, 567 European-Dutch Amsterdam, The Netherlands Random sample from the population register Leisure-time PA and active commuting Interview questionnaire,
physical examination
De Munter et al., 2013 [73] Cross sectional European, Indian, African-Caribbean 36–60 years European (English = 14,723, Dutch = 567),
Indian (E = 1264, D = 370),
African –Caribbean
(E = 1112, D = 689)
Amsterdam, The Netherlands and
Random sample from the population register Leisure-time PA Questionnaire 19/22
Drenowatz, et al., 2013 [56] Cross sectional Parent born outside Germany or foreign language spoken during the child’s first years 8 years 995 Southern Germany Representative sample of children from 32 schools participating in an intervention PA, physical fitness, sport General motor abilities test for children. Parental questionnaire for participation in organized sports 21/22
Edwardson et al., 2014 [51] Cross sectional General population, multi-ethnic sample of students 11–14 years 588 girls
578 boys
The East Midlands, England Multi-ethnic representative sample of students from 5 schools. Schools recruited based on SES PA, activity-related social support Questionnaire 21/22
Garduño-Diaz et al.,
2013 [22]
Cross sectional African-Caribbean, South Asian, Caucasian groups in the UK 20 years and older 210 Leeds, England Random sample - three area codes in Leeds PA Questionnaire 20/22
Gele et al., 2013 [62] Cross sectional Somali immigrants 25 years and older 115 women
93 men
Oslo, Norway Non-random snowball sampling PA Questionnaire 21/22
Gualdi-Russo et al.,
2014 [4]
Review North African children living in their home countries or as immigrants in Europe 0–21 years Various European countries Various PA Various 17/20
Hansen et al., 2008 [72] Cross sectional Non-Western immigrants with Danish citizenship compared with citizens with Danish background 25–64 years 135
(Turkey, Bosnia, Sri Lanka, Iran, Lebanon, Vietnam, Pakistan, Palestine, India, Croatia, Egypt)
Denmark Based on National Health Interview Survey 2005 PA, SB   20/22
Hayes et al.,
2002 [61]
Cross sectional European, Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi residents General population, 25–75 years 825 Europeans, 684 Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi Newcastle upon Tyne, England Random selection PA, SB Questionnaire 20/22
Hermansen et al., 2002 [66] Cross sectional People of Norse and Sami origin (indigenous) All residents, 40–62 years 860 women
866 men
of Sami origin
3948 women 4105 men of Norse origin
Finnmark county, Norway Invited by personal letter with questionnaire PA, leisure-time and work Questionnaire 20/22
Hornby-Turner et al., 2014 [24] Cross sectional British-Pakistani and White British girls 9–11 years 70 White British
75 British Pakistani
(+ parents of 19 girls)
North East England Approached 8 primary schools. Parents of participating children asked by letter to participate in interview PA, SB Questionnaire, PA interview, Accelerometer 19/22
Hosper et al., 2007 [59] Cross sectional First and second generation Turkish young people 15–30 years 249 women
236 men
Amsterdam, The Netherlands Random sample drawn from Amsterdam population registry Leisure-time PA Structured interview,
Hosper et al.,
2008 [53]
Cross sectional Turkish and Moroccan women 15–30 years 258 Turkish
170 Moroccan women
Amsterdam, The Netherlands Random sample drawn from the Amsterdam population registry PA, sport, leisure-time PA Questionnaire 21/22
Jönsson et al., 2012 [71] Cross sectional Women living in Sweden (born in Finland, Chile and Iraq) 18–65 years 1651 women Stockholm and Botkyrka, Sweden Random sample drawn from the population registers Leisure-time PA Postal questionnaire 20/22
Khunti et al., 2007 [29] Cross sectional 5 schools 11–15 years 3601 Leicester, England Representative sample through schools PA Questionnaire 20/22
Koca et al., 2014 [30] Cross sectional Turkish migrants in Germany and England Adults, (first, second, third generation) Germany:
140 women
126 men
125 women
125 men
Frankfurt, Germany,
London, UK
Convenience sample. Recruited from migrant organizations PA level Questionnaire, face-to-face interview 20/22
Kumanyika et al., 2012 [57] Review African descent populations in English-speaking countries, other ethnic minority populations    U.S, New Zealand, Canada and Europe   PA resources, facilities, opportuni-ties Interdisciplinary group discussions 15/18
Kumar et al., 2006 [69] Cross sectional Ethnic minority groups (born in Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) Born in 1942–1970 1320 women
1679 men
Oslo, Norway 2001 population registry - invited to participate Leisure-time PA Health questionnaire, clinical screening 20/22
Lecerof et al., 2011 [63] Cross sectional Recently settled Iraqi migrants in Sweden 18–64 years 306 women
273 men
Sweden All adults born in Iraq who were registered in 8 counties (Dec 2007 – Feb 2008) PA Postal questionnaire 19/20
Lindström et al., 2001 [44] Cross sectional Malmö general population (83 different countries of origin) 20–80 years 1916 women 1872 men Malmö, Sweden Random sample. General population in 1994 (born in 1913, 1923, 1933, 1943, 1953, 1963, 1968, 1973) Leisure-time PA Postal questionnaire 20/20
Magnusson et al., 2005 [64] Cross sectional Children in grades 5 and 6 11–12 years 108 Community (6700 inhabitants) near Gothenburg, Sweden All children in grades 5 and 6 at a Swedish school PA, exercise Questionnaire, individual interview 19/22
Me’jean et al., 2009 [74] Retrospective cohort study Tunisian migrant men Mean 50 years 150 men South France Quota sampling based on age and place of residence PA Interview, questionnaire 22/22
Molaodi et al., 2012 [80] Environment - modelling White British, Black Africans, Black Caribbean, Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Chinese and Irish Deprived areas   UK   Physical activity facilities Lists from Sport England 21/22
Nielsen et al., 2013 [60] Cross sectional Children with other ethnic background than Danish Pre-school age and same children in third grade Preschool 67 other ethnic background of 594; third grade 58 of 518 Taarnby and Ballerup, Copenhagen Children from 18 schools in Taarnby and Ballerup were invited Habitual PA Accelerometer, parental questionnaire 22/22
Nilsson et al., 2011 [76] Cohort study Elderly Sami 60 years and older 9 women
11 men
81 reindeer-herding and 226 non-reindeer-herding Sami
Southern Lapland.
Västerbotten county
Suggested by local associations, invited by posted letter.
Västerbotten intervention project cohorts 40, 50, 60 years
PA Semi-structured interviews, questionnaire 22/22
Owen et al., 2009 [33] Cross sectional British children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin 9–10 years N = 1841
(562 white Europeans, 494 South Asians, 607 African-Caribbeans, 408 other ethnic groups)
London, Birmingham, Leicester, UK Random samples (all state primary schools in London, Birmingham and Leicester with 15–50% pupils of White European origin) PA Accelerometer 22/22
Pudaric et al., 2000 [35] Cross sectional Elderly foreign-born persons 55–74 years 159 women
94 men
Sweden Random sample drawn from Swedish Population Registry PA Face-to-face interview 22/22
Reijneveld et al., 2003 [36] RCT Turkish immigrants 45 years and older 41 women
51 men
The Netherlands - 6 cities Welfare services PA Self-report 19/24
Sagatun et al., 2008 [37] Longitudinal 10th grade in Oslo in 1999–2001 15–16 years (follow up 18–19 years) 1377 girls
1112 boys
Oslo, Norway All students in grade 10 Leisure-time PA Questionnaire 21/22
Saris et al., 2013 [68] Cross sectional Adults in deprived neighbourhoods (39.7% migrants - mainly non-Western) 18 years and older 337 women
285 men
The Netherlands Randomly selected adults in 20 most deprived neighbourhoods Active transport Questionnaire, interview 22/22
Södergren et al., 2010 [46] Cross sectional Women born in Sweden, Finland, Chile and Iraq 18–65 years 2649 women Stockholm, Sweden Random sample from population registers in 2 municipalities of Stockholm PA Postal questionnaire 20/22
van Rossem et al., 2012 [75] Cohort Children at age 3 enrolled in a birth cohort   2351 girls
2337 boys
Rotterdam, The Netherlands All pregnant mothers with expected delivery April 2002–January 2006 PA, SB Parental questionnaire 19/22
Walseth et al., 2004 [42] Review Minority women      Sport   11?
Williams et al., 2010 [70] Cross sectional South Asian and White 18–55 years 5421 South Asian
8974 White
Leisure activities/sports, domestic activities, walking
Yates et al., 2010 [54] Cross sectional White European and South Asians White European: 40–75 years
South Asians: 25–75 years
White European:
2277 women 2033 men
South Asians:
560 women
604 men
Leicester, UK Primary care PA Questionnaire 21/22
  1. Study design: RCT Random Control Trial