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Table 2 Study characteristics of qualitative studies (N = 22)

From: Systematic mapping review of the factors influencing physical activity and sedentary behaviour in ethnic minority groups in Europe: a DEDIPAC study

Author Study design Study population Sample characteristics Number of participants Setting, country Recruitment Physical activity (PA), Sedentary Behaviours (SB) Measurement Quality score
Benn et al., 2013 [18] Case studies Muslim girls and stakeholders England: 8 state schools
Denmark: One class, 16–17 years
109 female students
19 teachers
32 parents
42 female and male students
England and Denmark Representative sample PA, Physical education England: Qualitative survey, focus groups, semi-structured interview
Denmark: survey, video observation of sport/PE lessons, interview
Beune et al., 2010 [47] Qualitative inductive Ghanaians, African-Surinamese, White Dutch   26 women
20 men
(19 Ghanaian, 19 Surinamese, 16 White Dutch)
Amsterdam, The Netherlands Purposive sampling through health-care centres PA   19/20
Dagkas et al., 2006 [19] Interpretive study Greek Turkish girls and British Asian women, living in predominantly non-Muslim countries Greek: 13–15 years
British: 18–21 years
Greek: 24 girls at school
British: 20 women at university
Greece and Great Britain British group was participating in a larger life history project PA, Physical education, sport Semi-structured interview 16/20
Dagkas et al., 2011 [20] Case studies Muslim girls 5–16 year 109 girls
19 teachers
32 parents.
Additional focus groups - 36 girls
West Midlands, England Representative sample of schools PA, Physical education, school sport Focus groups 19/20
Hendriks et al., 2012 [23] Theoretical framework Surinamese Immigrants of Indian (Hindustani) Descent 29–83 years, lived in The Netherlands for 25–39 years - feeling 100% Hindu 24 women
3 men
The Netherlands Through community houses and yoga class. Snowball technique PA Semi-structured interview, focus groups 19/20
Horne et al., 2010 [58] Ethnographic approach Community dwelling White and South Asians 60–70 years Focus groups: 87
Interviews: 40
The North West England From a period of fieldwork observation in leisure groups and social centres PA, exercise Focus groups, in-depth interview 16/20
Horne e.t al., 2012a [25] Ethnographic approach South Asians 60–70 years Focus groups: 29
Interviews: 17
UK From a period of fieldwork observation in leisure groups and social settings PA Focus groups, in-depth interview 18/20
Horne et al.,
2012b [52]
Systematic review South Asian older adults   10 studies UK and Canada   PA   20/20
Horne et al., 2013 [26] Exploratory qualitative approach Community dwelling White and South Asians 60–70 years   The North West of England Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants with different experiences of PA participation PA, exercise Focus groups and in-depth interview 16/20
2000 [27]
Survey, review of qualitative studies South Asians 16–74 years 22 focus groups (14 with South Asians) UK   PA Focus groups 14/20
Kay, 2006 [28] Interviews with women and their families Young Muslim women 13–18 years
and their families
6 families.
7 women (Bangladeshi, black African, Arab)
Midland town, UK   PA, sport Interview 18/20
Lawton et al., 2006 [31] Qualitative in-depth interviews Pakistani and Indian patients in Scotland diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes Over 18 years, diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes Pakistani:
12 women
11 men
5 women
4 men
Edinburgh, Scotland Both clinical and local community recruitment. Purposively sampled. Snowball sampling PA In-depth interview 15/17
Lucas et al., 2013 [40] Review, meta-ethnographic approach UK South Asian populations Adults 10 qualitative studies UK   PA, exercise   19/20
Nicolaou et al., 2012 [32] Focus groups Moroccan women Women Amsterdam:
4 focus groups (22 women)
4 focus groups (29 women)
Amsterdam, The Netherlands and Morocco Amsterdam (Mother-child centre, women’s centre) and Morocco (Al Hoceima town, small village and medium sized village) PA Focus groups 20/20
Pallan et al., 2012 [34] Focus groups with stakeholders    9 focus groups with 68 local community stakeholders UK Stakeholders from 8 school communities with predominantly South Asian pupils PA Focus groups 17/20
Pallan et al., 2013 [41] Development of intervention UK South Asian primary school-aged children    Birmingham, UK   PA Focus groups, literature review, expert group, review of local resources 19/20
Pollard et al., 2012 [48] Largely qualitative British Pakistani women, Muslim   22 women Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Information event at leisure centre, snowball sampling PA Interview, accelerometer, 24 h recall 16/19
Rawlins et al., 2013 [45] Focus groups Black Caribbean, Black African, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and White British children and their parents Schools: 11–12 years, 10–11 years;
Places of worship: 8–13 years and parents
39 female
31 male students
34 mothers
9 fathers
London boroughs (Brent, Croydon, Ealing, Hackney, Hillingdon, Lambeth)/UK Schools or places of worship Healthy lifestyles Focus groups, interview 18/18
Sriskantharajah et al., 2007 [49] Explorative qualitative South Asian women (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, East African Asian, Sri Lankan) 26–70 years, CHD and diabetes type 2 15 women UK Purposive sampling: 3 general practices PA,
Semi-structured interview 16/17??
Steinbach et al., 2011 [38] Qualitative in-depth interviews, fieldwork workplaces with a mixed workforce (ethnicity, income, age)   78 London, UK Purposive sampling Cycling for transport Qualitative in-depth interview, fieldwork 14/16
Södergren et al., 2008 [39] Explorative qualitative Immigrant women from Chile, Iraq and Turkey 26–65 years 63 women Stockholm, Sweden Multi-recruitment strategy PA, exercise Focus groups 18/18
Walseth, 2006 [43] Life-history Muslim women with immigrant background (Pakistan, Turkey, Morocco, Iran, Syria, Somalia, Gambia, Macedonia, Kosovo) 16–25 years 21 women Norway Sampled through their former status as pupils at one elementary school in Oslo and through sport clubs PA, Sport Life-history interviews 19/20