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Table 2 Summary of article quality assessment (N = 100)

From: Built environmental correlates of older adults’ total physical activity and walking: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Quality-assessment item [score] %
1. Study design [cross-sectional: 0; longitudinal: 1; quasi-experimental: 2]
 cross-sectional 94
 longitudinal 5
 quasi-experimental 1
2. Study areas or participant recruitment stratified by key environmental attributes [1] 56
3. Response rate ≥ 60% or sample representative of the population [1] 32
4. Physical activity measures (outcomes) valid, or well-established in the field [1] 66
5. Analyses adjusted for key socio-demographic covariates (at least age, sex, and education considered) [1] 66
6. Analysis adjusted for self-selection [1] 12
7. Analytical approach – adjustment for clustering (if needed) [1/3] 58
8. Analytical approach – accounting for distributional assumptions [1/3] 84
9. Analytical approach – analyses conducted and presented correctly [1/3] 76
10. Did not, inappropriately, categorise continuous environmental exposure/s [1] 74
Total quality score [theoretical range: 0–9]; mean ± SD 3.9 ± 1.3
  1. Notes: SD Standard deviation