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Table 1 Summary Table of included studies

From: Using computer, mobile and wearable technology enhanced interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/Year Study design Sample Size Gender Age Health Risk Setting Aim Intervention Technology tool(s) Comparison group Outcome Measure Longest follow-up
Ashe 2015 Pilot
RCT
25 25F
0M
All: 64.1 ± 4.6
I: 64.8 ± 4.6
C: 63.1 ± 4.8
Healthy, not meeting PA guidelines Community/ home SB + PA Group health education, PA/SB, PA prescription, online activity monitor (Fitbit), Fitbit app, public transport tickets Activity monitor (Fitbit) with online companion and app Health information ActiGraph™ 6 months
Barwais 2013 RCT 33 11F
22M
All:27 ± 4.0
I:9.0 ± 4.4
C:26.4 ± 3.0
Self-reporting
>7 h per day sitting
Community/ home SB + PA Gruve activity tracker with online companion, motivational emails Gruve activity tracker with online companion, motivational emails No intervention 7-day SLIPA Log 4 weeks
Biddle 2015 RCT 187 128F
59M
All:32.8 ± 5.6
I:32.4 ± 5.4
C:33.3 ± 5.8
Obese/overweight plus additional risk factor for diabetes Community/ home SB Group education, Gruve activity tracker with online companion, motivational texts/calls Gruve activity tracker with online companion, motivational texts Health information + SB information ActiGraph™, ActivPAL™, IPAQ, Marshall sitting questionna-ire 12 months
Carr 2013 RCT 40 36F
4M
All:44.7 ± 9.6
I:47.6 ± 9.9
C:42.6 ± 8.9
Apparently healthy, Self-reporting <60 min of moderate to vigorous PA per week, overweight, reporting a minimum of 75% of their work day sitting Workplace + community/home SB Pedal machine, commercial website (Walker Tracker, Portland, Oregon, USA), pedometer, motivational emails Commercial website (Walker Tracker, Portland, Oregon, USA), motivational emails Waitlist StepWatch™ 12 weeks
Danquaha 2016 Cluster RCT 317 210F
107M
All:46 ± 10
I:46 ± 10
C:45 ± 11
Employees who sit most of the workday Workplace SB Active meetings, lecture, workshop, educational emails/texts, project website Emails/text, project website No intervention ActiGraph™ 12 weeks
De Cockera 2016 RCT 213 146F
67M
All:40.3 ± 9.1
I:40.5 ± 8.6
C:39.3 ± 9.0
All employees Workplace SB Web based feedback from project website Web based feedback from project website Waitlist ActivPAL™, WSQ 12 weeks
Donatha 2015 RCT 38 23F
8M
7 no data
All:42.42
I:45 ± 12
C:40 ± 10
Free from cardio-vascular disease Workplace SB Standing desks, computer prompts Computer prompts Standing desk ActiGraph™ 12 weeks
Duttaa 2014 Cross-over
RCT
29 19F
9M
1 no data
All: 40.4 (no SD reported) Employees who sit most of the workday Workplace SB Standing desks, reminder emails Reminder emails No intervention Modular Signal Recorder 145, Gruve, OSPAQ 4 weeks
Evansa 2012 RCT 30 22F
6M
2 no data
All: 44
I:49 ± 8
C: 39 ± 10
Healthy employees Workplace SB Individual education session, software prompts Software prompts Health information + SB information ActivPAL™ 5 days
Judice 2015 Cross-over
RCT
10 5F
5M
All:50.4 ± 11.5 BMI < 25.0 kg m − 2; not taking
medication, not meeting PA guidelines,
free from any major disease
Workplace + community/home SB Computer prompts, step monitoring, motivational calls/texts Computer prompts, motivational texts No intervention ActivPAL™ 1 week
Laska 2016 RCT 441 298F
143M
All: 22.8 (no SD reported)
I:22.9
C:22.8
BMI: 20–34.9 kg/m2 Community/home Life style + SB Educational course (online/face to face/hybrid), project website, motivational texts/calls Educational course (online/ face to face/hybrid), project website, motivational texts Health information Self-reported screen time behaviours 24 months
Maher 2015 RCT 195 89F
95M
11 no data
All: 20.4 (no SD reported) All undergraduates Community/home SB SB planning via email SB planning via email No intervention IPAQ 7 days
Mainsbridgea 2014 RCT 29 24F
5M
All: 40.10
I: 36.73 ± 12.38
C: 42.28 ± 9.59
Employees who sit most of the workday, medically cleared to perform short bouts of PA Workplace SB Group education, prompting software Prompting software Health information + SB information Self-reported sitting 13 weeks
Pedersena 2014 RCT 34 26F
8M
All: 43
I:41.50 ± 12.39
C: 43.88 ± 9.65
Employees who sit most of the workday, free from existing health conditions Workplace SB Group education, prompting software Prompting software Health information + SB information Self-reported SB 13 weeks
Schunaa 2014 RCT 41 40F
1M
All: 40.1 ± 10.1
I:40.0 ± 9.5
C: 40.3 ± 10.9
Overweight/obese office workers. Workplace SB + PA Treadmill desk, computer prompts Computer prompts, email No intervention ActiGraph™ 12 weeks
Urdaa 2016 RCT 48 48F
0M
All: 48 ± 10 Employees who sit most of the workday Workplace Life
style
+ SB
Educational handout, computer prompt Computer prompts No intervention ActivPAL™ 5 days
Van Berkela 2014 RCT 257 173F
84M
All: 45.5
I: 46.0 ± 9.4
C: 45.1 ± 9.6
All employees Workplace Life
style
+ SB
Mindfulness sessions, nutrition support,
e-coaching, intranet webpage
E-coaching (email), intranet webpage Health information Self-reported SB 12 months
  1. RCT randomised controlled trial, F female, M male, ± standard deviation, I intervention, C control, SB sedentary behaviour, PA physical activity, 7-day SLIPA Log 7-day Sedentary and Light Intensity Physical Activity Log, IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaire, WSQ Workforce Sitting Questionnaire, OSPAQ Occupational Sitting and Physical Activity Questionnaire
  2. adenotes interventions targeting workplace sitting