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Table 3 Mean difference in child Year 4 MVPA associated with parents’ MVPA in Year 4 and Year 1 using multiple imputation dataa

From: Association of parents’ and children’s physical activity and sedentary time in Year 4 (8–9) and change between Year 1 (5–6) and Year 4: a longitudinal study

Exposure Child’s MVPA in Year 4 (mins/day)
All Mean difference (95% CI) Boys Mean difference (95% CI) Girls Mean difference (95% CI) P for gender interaction
Parent’s MVPA in Year 4 (mins/day) N = 1223 N = 556 N = 667  
 Female parent Model 1 0.16 (0.08, 0.24) 0.15 (0.02, 0.29) 0.16 (0.08, 0.25) 0.90
Model 2 0.16 (0.08, 0.23) 0.16 (0.03, 0.28) 0.16 (0.07, 0.25) 0.94
 Male parent Model 1 0.08 (−0.01, 0.16) 0.06 (−0.10, 0.21) 0.10 (0.01, 0.18) 0.67
Model 2 0.08 (−0.01, 0.17) 0.06 (−0.11, 0.23) 0.10 (0.00, 0.19) 0.57
Parent’s MVPA in Year 1 (mins/day) N = 685 N = 323 N = 362  
 Female parent Model 1 0.04 (−0.04, 0.12) −0.04 (−0.22, 0.14) 0.09 (−0.01, 0.18) 0.22
Model 2 0.04 (−0.05, 0.12) −0.03 (−0.22, 0.16) 0.08 (−0.02, 0.17) 0.32
 Male parent Model 1 −0.01 (−0.06, 0.03) −0.03 (−0.10, 0.04) 0.06 (−0.00, 0.12) 0.05
Model 2 −0.01 (−0.05, 0.04) −0.03 (−0.10, 0.04) 0.06 (−0.01, 0.13) 0.07
  1. aModel 1 is adjusted for child’s age at Year 4 and gender; Model 2 is additionally adjusted for the child’s BMI z score, number of siblings, household IMD score and the female/male parent’s age and BMI at Year 4 for models with parent’s sedentary time in Year 4 as the exposure, or for child’s BMI z score, number of siblings, household IMD score and the female/male parent’s age and BMI at Year 1 for models with the parent’s sedentary time in Year 1 as the exposure