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Table 5 Mean difference (95% confidence interval) in the children’s change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity minutes per day between Year 1 and Year 4 associated with parents’ change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity between Year 1 and Year 4 using multiple imputation (N = 685)a

From: Association of parents’ and children’s physical activity and sedentary time in Year 4 (8–9) and change between Year 1 (5–6) and Year 4: a longitudinal study

Exposure Child’s change in MVPA Year 1 to Year 4 (mins/day)
All Mean difference (95% CI) Boys Mean difference (95% CI) Girls Mean difference (95% CI) P for gender interaction
Parent’s change in MVPA Year 1 to Year 4 (mins/day) N = 685 N = 323 N = 362  
 Female parent Model 1 0.06 (−0.04, 0.16) 0.14 (−0.03, 0.30) 0.01 (−0.13, 0.15) 0.22
Model 2 0.06 (−0.05, 0.17) 0.14 (−0.03, 0.31) 0.01 (−0.13, 0.16) 0.28
 Male parent Model 1 0.02 (−0.03, 0.06) 0.02 (−0.03, 0.08) 0.00 (−0.10, 0.11) 0.73
Model 2 0.02 (−0.03, 0.07) 0.02 (−0.04, 0.08) 0.00 (−0.12, 0.12) 0.73
  1. aModel 1 is adjusted for child’s age at Year 1 and gender; Model 2 is additionally adjusted for the child’s BMI z score, number of siblings, household IMD score and the female/male parent’s age and BMI at Year 1