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Table 1 Intervention characteristics of family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions published from 2008 to 2015 (n = 119)

From: Family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions: a systematic review and quantitative content analysis

  n (%)
Geographic Region
 Unites States 66 (56)
 Europe/United Kingdom 30 (25)
 Australia/New Zealand 10 (8)
 Canada 6 (5)
 Othera 7 (6)
Age of target childb
 Prenatal 10 (8)
 0–1 years (toddler) 29 (24)
 2–5 years (preschool-kindergarten) 51 (43)
 6–10 years (elementary school) 42 (35)
 11–13 years (middle school) 25 (21)
 14–17 years (high school) 8 (7)
Settingb
 Home 33 (28)
 Primary care/health clinic 32 (27)
 Community-based 39 (33)
 School 21 (18)
 Childcare/preschool 11 (9)
 Multi-setting 24 (20)
 Not setting specific/Unclear 11 (9)
Length of intervention
 < 13 weeks (<3 months) 35 (29)
 13–51 week (3–11.9 months) 47 (40)
 52 weeks or more (12 months or more) 33 (28)
 Unclear 4 (3)
Delivery approachb
 In-person delivery 101 (85)
 Technology-based delivery 27 (23)
Evaluation Design
 Randomized-controlled trial design 87 (73)
Recipients of intervention activitiesb
 Children 65 (55)
 Adults 119 (100)
Behavioral domains targetedb
 Diet 107 (90)
 Physical activity 97 (82)
 Media use 65 (55)
 Sleep 24 (20)
Funding sourceb
 Federal 75 (63)
 Foundation 50 (42)
 Corporate 21 (18)
 University 23 (19)
 Unclear 8 (7)
Type of paper
 Outcome evaluation 85 (71)
 Protocol only 34 (29)
Theoryb
 Social Cognitive Theory 49 (41)
 Parenting Styles 20 (17)
 Ecological Framework 20 (17)
 Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change 10 (8)
 Health Belief Model 8 (7)
 Theory of Planned Behavior 6 (5)
 Other 23 (19)
 Unclear 34 (29)
  1. aOther: Mexico/Central America- 2, South America- 2, Asia- 2, Middle East- 1; bGroups are not mutually exclusive thus totals may exceed 100%