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Table 1 Characteristics of the men and women participating in NQplus

From: Self-reported eating rate is associated with weight status in a Dutch population: a validation study and a cross-sectional study

  Men Women P
  n Mean SD n Mean SD  
Age (yrs.) 741 57.5 10.6 732 51.8 12.0 <0.001a
Height (cm) 741 180.4 6.8 732 168.6 6.3 <0.001a
Weight (kg) 741 86.0 12.8 732 71.8 13.2 <0.001a
BMI (kg/m2) 741 26.4 3.5 732 25.3 4.4 <0.001a
Waist circumference (cm) 737 96.9 10.7 731 85.8 11.6 <0.001a
Body fat percentage (%) 683 24.7 6.6 613 34.9 7.7 <0.001a
Energy intake (MJ/day) 691 9.5 2.6 654 7.8 2.1 <0.001a
Energy intake (MJ/day)c 288 11.7 2.1 296 9.4 1.6 <0.001a
Emotional eating score 741 1.94 0.65 732 2.28 0.74 <0.001a
Restrained eating score 741 2.87 0.73 732 3.13 0.68 <0.001a
External eating score 741 2.70 0.43 732 2.71 0.45 0.48a
Moderate-to-vigorous activity (hours/week) 696 33.9 18.5 666 35.3 16.9 0.13a
Sedentary activity (hours/week) 696 36.6 21.0 666 36.4 34.0 0.90a
   n %   n %  
Prevalence of overweightd   460 62.1   322 44.0 <0.001b
Prevalence of obesitye   118 15.9   91 12.4 0.06b
Self-reported eating rate
 Very slow   5 0.7   13 1.8 <0.001b
 Slow   54 7.3   104 14.2
 Average   315 42.5   408 55.7
 Fast   316 42.6   183 25.0
 Very fast   51 6.9   24 3.3
Education level f
 Low   111 15.0   122 16.7 0.58b
 Medium   217 29.3   219 29.9
 High   413 55.7   391 53.4
Smoking status
 Non-smoker   664 89.6   676 92.3 0.07b
 Smoker   77 10.4   56 7.7
  1. aIndependent samples T-test
  2. bChi-square test
  3. cSuspected under reporters (i.e., reported energy intake/calculated basal metabolic rate < 1.35) excluded
  4. dBMI ≥25 kg/m2
  5. eBMI ≥30 kg/m2
  6. fEducation level: low (i.e., no education, primary education, lower or preparatory vocational education, or lower general secondary education), medium (i.e., intermediate vocational education or apprenticeship, or higher general secondary education or pre-university secondary education) and high (i.e., higher vocational education or university)