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Table 5 Overview table showing multivariable associations between predictor variables and PA bouts for all participants

From: Changes in physical activity during the retirement transition: a series of novel n-of-1 natural experiments

   Participant 1 Participant 2 Participant 3 Participant 4 Participant 5 Participant 6 Participant 7
Variable
Main effects
Time (study day)   −0.004 −0.003*** 0.000 0.001 0.004* 0.006 0.017*
Retirementa         
  Post-retirement 0.204 −0.410 0.057 1.471* −0.115 0.567 0.801**
Day of weekb         
  Weekend −0.111 −0.027 −0.188*** 0.140 −0.004 0.062 −0.021
Period of dayc         
  Morning −0.128 0.157** 0.145 −0.050 0.119 0.061 0.070
  Evening −1.114*** −0.466*** −0.581*** −1.274*** −0.321*** −0.510*** −0.727***
Sleep length   0.127* (lag 0) 0.099* (lag 0)
   0.150** (lag 2)       
Sleep quality   −0.953* (lag 0) 0.372 (lag 1) 0.561** (lag 0)
Happiness   −1.035* (lag 2) 0.671* (lag 0) 1.200* (lag 0) 1.126** (lag 0)
    0.390* (lag 1)     
Tiredness   −0.475* (lag 0)
Stress   1.090* (lag 0) 0.655* (lag 0) −0.282 (lag 1) 1.511** (lag 0)
    0.348* (lag 1)     
Time pressure   0.889*** (lag 0)
Pain   1.295 (lag 0)
PA intention   −0.434* (lag 0) 0.456** (lag 0) 1.201*** (lag 0) −0.435 (lag 2)
     0.506** (lag 1)    
PA PBC   −0.802** (lag 2) −0.712*** (lag 0)
     0.211* (lag 1)     
PA priority   −0.361* (lag 1) −0.702* (lag 0)
PA facilitation   0.432* (lag 2) 0.635*** (lag 0) 0.548* (lag 0)
PA conflict   −0.720*** (lag 0) 0.444* (lag 2) 0.291* (lag 1) −0.683*** (lag 0) 0.436** (lag 1)
       0.316* (lag 1)   
PA personalised   −1.051* (lag 0) −0.263* (lag 0) −0.442*** (lag 0) −0.388** (lag 1)
   1.086* (lag 2)       −0.383** (lag 2)
PA bouts prior 2 h   0.042 −0.063** −0.039* −0.016 −0.050* 0.019 −0.053
PA bouts per day   0.007 (lag 1) −0.009 (lag 1) 0.000 (lag 1) 0.002 (lag 1) 0.021** (lag 1) −0.016 (lag 1) 0.018 (lag 0)
  −0.002 (lag 2) 0.013* (lag 2) −0.004 (lag 2) 0.004 (lag 2) 0.003 (lag 2) −0.015 (lag 2) 0.013 (lag 1)
Interaction effects        
Retirement*Time (study day)   −0.018**
Retirement*Day of week   −0.291*
Retirement*Period of dayd         
  Pre-retirement morning    
  Pre-retirement evening 0.741** 0.291** 0.781***
  Post-retirement morning    
  Post-retirement afternoon −0.313 0.018 −0.250*
  Post-retirement evening    
Retirement*Sleep quality   1.178* 0.840**
Retirement*Happiness   0.556 −0.855* −1.368
Retirement*Tiredness   −0.539*
Retirement*Stress   −1.777** −0.776* −1.600**
Retirement*PA intention   0.949** −1.582***
Retirement*PA PBC   −0.394* 0.779** 0.480*
Retirement*PA facilitation   0.821 0.680*
Retirement*PA conflict   0.603* −0.597**
  1. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. aReference category: pre-retirement
  3. bReference category: work day
  4. cReference category: afternoon
  5. dReference category: afternoon pre-retirement