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Table 2 Characteristics of the eligible primary studies

From: Socio-cultural determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity’ (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review

  Eligible primary studies
Author, Date (type of review) [Ref] n Continent/s (n) Study design (n) Total sample size (sample range) Age range or mean (years) Gender (female, % range) Physical activity (PA) outcome
Babakus WS, 2012 (SLR) [28] 12 Europe (9), North America (2), Australia/Oceania (1) N. A. qualitative 587 (8–127)a 16–70+ N.A. to 100 overall PA
Beets MW, 2010 (SLR) [29] 39 N. A. N. A. quantitative and qualitative N. A. <18b N. A. overall PA
Coble JD, 2006 (SLR) [30] 1 North America (1) cross-sectional (1) 350 20–50 100 overall PA
Craggs C, 2011 (SLR) [31] 19 North America (14), Europe (3), Australia/Oceania (1), Asia (1) longitudinal (19; follow-up: 4 months - 7 years) 37,518 (28–12,812) children: 4–9 and 10-13b, adolescents:
13.1–16.0
N.A. to 100 change in overall PA
De Craemer M, 2012 (SLR) [32] 12 N. A. N. A. N. A. 4–6 or results on preschoolersb N. A. total PA, MVPA, active transportation
Edwardson CL, 2010 (SLR) [33] 86c North America (54), Europe (23), Australia/Oceania (7), Asia (2) cross-sectional (75), longitudinal (11; follow-up: 20 months - 12 years) N. A. children: 6-11b, adolescents: 12-18b 0–100 MVPA, overall PA, leisure-time PA, organized PA, steps per day, PA frequency and intensities
Engberg E, 2012 (SLR) [34] 11 North America (8), Australia/Oceania (3) longitudinal (11; follow-up: 2–10 years) 228,587 (558–80,944) ≥18 0–100 change in overall PA, in fitness, and in participation in exercise
Ferreira I, 2006 (SLR) [35] 96c North America (75), Europe (18), Australia/Oceania (3) cross-sectional (86), longitudinal (10; follow-up: 8 weeks - 3 years) N. A. (<100 to ≥5000) children: 3-12b, adolescents: 13-18b N.A. to 100 overall PA
Gustafson SL, 2006 (SLR) [36] 31 North America (26), Europe (5) cross-sectional (26), longitudinal (5; follow-up: N. A.) 25,908 (30–7320) age range: 4–18, mean age: 10.9a N.A. to 100 overall PA
Hinkley T, 2008 (SLR) [37] 7 North America (7) cross-sectional (6), longitudinal (1; follow-up: N. A.) 1095 (30–347) age range: 3–7, mean age: 3.8 N. A. overall PA
Maitland C, 2013 (SLR) [38] 8 Asia (2), Australia/Oceania (2), Europe (2), North America (2) cross-sectional (6), longitudinal (2; follow-up: N. A.) 8105 (62–2660) 11.6 N. A. overall PA, MVPA
Maturo CC, 2013 (SLR) [39] 81 North America (43), Europe (21), Australia/Oceania (9), Asia (5), multiple, continents (2), South America (1) N. A. quantitative (67), longitudinal (14; follow-up: N. A.) 123,888 (20–31,202)* age range: 8–21, Grade 1–12 0–100 overall PA, PA intensity (not further specified)
Mitchell J, 2012 (SLR, MA) [40] 12 North America (8), Australia/Oceania (3), South America (1) cross-sectional (8), longitudinal (4; follow-up: 1–9 years) 1692 (30–331) 2-7b N. A. overall PA
Olsen JM, 2013 (SLR) [41] 13 North America (13) cross-sectional (2), quantitative, descriptive (2), N. A. quantitative (3), N. A. qualitative (4), N. A. quantitative and qualitative (1), multiple, descriptive, explanatory case study (1) 6951 (17–2338) 20–65+a 100 overall PA
Pugliese J, 2007 (MA) [42] 29 N. A. N. A. quantitative 21,632 (21–8834) 2.5–15.5 N. A. overall PA
Ridgers ND, 2012 (SLR) [43] 7 Australia/Oceania (5), Europe (1), North America (1) N. A. N. A. children: 5-12b, adolescents: 13-18b N. A. overall PA during school recess
Siddiqi Z, 2011 (SLR) [44] 22 N.A. (African Americans were included) N. A. qualitative 797 (14–71) ≥18 48-100a overall PA
Singhammer J, 2015 (MA) [45] 9 North America (4), Europe (3), Australia/Oceania (2) cross-sectional (7), longitudinal (2; follow-up: N. A.) 11,159 (200–2458) 6–18 N. A. overall PA
Stanley RM, 2012 (SLR) [46] 8 North America (5), Australia/Oceania (2), Europe (1) cross-sectional (7), questionnaire validation study (1) N. A. 10.7 N. A. school break time overall PA, after-school overall PA
Uijtdewillingen L, 2014 (SLR) [47] 6c North America (3), Europe (2), Australia/Oceania (1) longitudinal (6; follow-up: 1–13 years) 21,163 (152–12,812) children: 5.5, adolescents: 8.5 40–100 overall PA
Van der Horst K, 2007 (SLR) [48] 19c N. A. cross-sectional (16), longitudinal (2; follow-up: N. A.) N. A. children: 4-12b, adolescents: 13-18b N. A. overall PA
Wendel-Vos W, 2007 (SLR) [49] 24 North America (16), Australia/Oceania (6), Asia (1), Europe (1) cross-sectional (22), longitudinal (2; follow-up: N. A.) 74672a (146–29,135) ≥18 N.A. to 100 general PA, moderate PA, vigorous PA/ sports, MVPA, commuting activities, walking, neighbourhood walking
Yao CA, 2015 (MA) [50] 106 North America (62), Europe (28), Australia/Oceania (11), Asia (3), South America (2) cross-sectional (88), longitudinal (18; follow-up: 8 months - 9 years) 163,215 (14–68,288) 2.5-18b N.A. to 100 overall PA
  1. MA Meta-Analysis, MVPA Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity, N. A. Not Available, PA Physical Activity, SLR Systematic Literature Review
  2. aNo information for one study
  3. bInformation from inclusion criteria
  4. cSome primary studies included in both children and adolescents