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Table 2 Means and standard deviations of the eight maternal feeding practicesa, satiety responsiveness and food responsivenessb at 2, 3.7 and 5 years of age (n = 207)

From: Bidirectional associations between mothers’ feeding practices and child eating behaviours

  2 years 3.7 years 5 years
Family meal setting 3.71 ± 1.27 4.07 ± 1.16 4.39 ± 0.96
Structured meal setting 3.96 ± 0.72 4.11 ± 0.66 4.31 ± 0.59
Structured meal timing 3.88 ± 0.59 3.80 ± 0.52 3.76 ± 0.52
Covert restriction 3.20 ± 0.90 3.28 ± 0.80 3.24 ± 0.78
Overt restriction 3.40 ± 0.83 3.54 ± 0.91 3.46 ± 0.84
Persuasive feeding 2.70 ± 0.60 3.12 ± 0.62 3.14 ± 0.60
Reward for eating 1.81 ± 0.71 2.54 ± 0.73 2.58 ± 0.71
Reward for behaviour 1.85 ± 0.69 2.20 ± 0.74 2.22 ± 0.73
Satiety responsiveness 3.00 ± 0.59 3.00 ± 0.57 2.98 ± 0.56
Food responsiveness 2.27 ± 0.69 2.41 ± 0.66 2.44 ± 0.65
  1. aMaternal feeding practices were measured with the Feeding Practices and Structure Questionnaire [8]; possible response range is 1-5 with higher scores indicating more endorsement of the practice
  2. bSatiety responsiveness and food responsiveness were measured with the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire [22]; possible response range is 1-5 with higher scores indicating more endorsement of the behaviour