Skip to main content

Table 1 Frequencies for key demographics by food secure (FS) and food insecurity (FI) status among college freshmen across time points

From: Hungry to learn: the prevalence and effects of food insecurity on health behaviors and outcomes over time among a diverse sample of university freshmen

  Time 1 Time 2 Time 3 Time 4
  Total FS FI Total FS FI Total FS FI Total FS FI
Total, n(%) 1138 815 (72) 323 (28) 555 360 (65) 195 (35) 428 292 (68) 136 (32) 400 258 (64) 142 (36)
Gender, n(%)             
 Female 741 (65) 540 (66) 201 (62) 402 (72) 261 (72) 141 (72) 315 (74) 222 (76) 93 (68) 291 (73) 191 (74) 100 (70)
 Male 397 (35) 275 (34) 122 (38) 153 (28) 99 (28) 54 (28) 113 (26) 70 (24) 43 (32) 109 (27) 67 (26) 42 (30)
Race/ethnicity, n(%)             
 White 576 (51) 431 (53) 145 (45) 274 (49) 183 (51) 91 (47) 200 (47) 142 (49) 58 (43) 180 (45) 123 (48) 57 (40)
 Hispanic 277 (24) 181 (22) 96 (30) 129 (23) 83 (23) 46 (24) 109 (25) 69 (24) 40 (29) 103 (26) 56 (22) 47 (33)
 Black 104 (9) 77 (9) 27 (8) 61 (11) 33 (9) 28 (14) 47 (11) 33 (11) 14 (10) 48 (12) 32 (12) 16 (11)
 Other 181 (16) 126 (15) 55 (17) 91 (16) 61 (17) 30 (15) 72 (17) 48 (16) 24 (18) 69 (17) 47 (18) 22 (15)
Pell Grant status, n(%)T1             
 No 766 (67) 575 (71) 191 (59) 360 (65) 247 (69) 113 (58) 279 (65) 195 (67) 84 (62) 252 (63) 173 (67) 79 (56)
 Yes 372 (33) 240 (29) 132 (41) 195 (35) 113 (31) 82 (42) 149 (35) 97 (33) 52 (38) 148 (37) 85 (33) 63 (44)
Residence hall, n(%)B,T2, T3             
 A 681 (60) 473 (58) 208 (64) 267 (48) 153 (42) 114 (58) 197 (46) 121 (41) 76 (56) 195 (49) 116 (45) 79 (56)
 B 457 (40) 342 (42) 115 (36) 288 (52) 207 (57) 81 (42) 231 (54) 171 (59) 60 (44) 205 (51) 142 (55) 63 (44)
  1. T1, T2, T3chi-square test significant at p ≤ 0.01 at Times 1,2, and 3. No significant bivariate associations were observed at Time 4 [T4]
  2. BResidence hall indicates residents from one campus. Residence hall B indicates all other resident participants