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Table 1 Average (SD) cost in New Zealand dollars and energy density of two-weekly standard household healthy and current, less healthy dietsa for the total New Zealand population and for Māori and Pacific population groups separately

From: Modelling the cost differential between healthy and current diets: the New Zealand case study

  Total NZ population Pacific population Māori population
Healthy diets Current diets Healthy diets Current diets Healthy diets Current diets
N iterations 1,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 2,000,000
N common foods included 73 100 71 105 75 109
N individual meal plans 365 + 347 + 319 + 137 360 + 185 + 96 + 153 120 + 226 + 299 + 281 252 + 452 + 330 + 329 93 + 137 + 17 + 44 332 + 127 + 12 + 367
N household meal plans 5,960,900,400 978,220,800 2,278,595,280 12,366,557,280 9,530,268 185,690,256
Average cost (SD) $723.4 (75.7) $696.3 (48.5) $593.7 (65.0) $655.1 (62.6) $655.3 (65.0) $693.6 (43.1)
Range of the cost $502.0 - $937.1 $571.1 - $850.0 $423.4 - $778.3 $448.6 - $799.6 $522.0 - $790.7 $580.3 - $796.3
Energy (MJ)b 139.6 (137.6-141.7) 152.2 (150.3-154.8) 139.6 (137.6-141.7) 165.7 (163.8-168.7) 139.7 (137.6-141.4) 161.4 (159.4-164.1)
Energy density (kJ/g)b 1.02 1.49 1.03 1.56 0.94 1.65
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aNo alcohol, takeaways or discretionary foods included in the standard healthy diet; takeaways and discretionary foods included in the current diet
  3. bAverage (range)