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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of each group

From: The effects of acceptance and commitment therapy on eating behavior and diet delivered through face-to-face contact and a mobile app: a randomized controlled trial

  Face-to-face Mobile Control pa
Number of participants (n) 70 78 71  
Starting time of the study (n)     .642
 Autumn 35 37 30  
 Spring 35 41 41
Study center (n)     .970
 Jyväskylä 20 22 17  
 Kuopio 22 25 23
 Helsinki 28 31 31
Gender (n)     .670
 Female 61 66 58  
 Male 9 12 13
Age (years) 50.3 ± 7.2 49.1 ± 7.7 49.2 ± 7.4 .575
Weight (kg) 86.1 ± 10.3 88.4 ± 10.4 88.3 ± 11.5 .342
BMI (kg/m2) 31.0 ± 3.1 31.6 ± 2.7 31.2 ± 2.8 .423
Psychological distress (GHQ-12 score) 7.2 ± 3.0 6.8 ± 2.8 7.4 ± 2.7 .408b
Perceived stress (PSS score) 25.8 ± 8.0 26.9 ± 7.8 26.9 ± 7.6 .597
  1. Values are n / mean ± SD; Autumn = September – October 2012; Spring = January – February 2013; BMI body mass index, GHQ-12 General Health Questionnaire-12, PSS Perceived Stress Scale
  2. ap-value for differences between the study groups (Pearson chi-square for categorical variables and one-way ANOVA for continuous variables unless other noted)
  3. bNon-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test