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Table 2 Snacking characteristics of participants in the NutriNet Santé Study included in the present study (N = 104,183; 23,491 men and 84,692 women)a

From: Socio-economic and demographic factors associated with snacking behavior in a large sample of French adults

  Men (N = 23,491)
% or mean (SD)
Women (N = 84,692)
% or mean (SD)
P- value for chi-square or student t test analysis
Having at least one snack 65.4 73.5 < 0.0001
Frequency of snack among individuals having at least one snack during the record    < 0.0001
1 snack per day 55.0 54.9  
2 snacks during the day 30.1 31.6  
3 snacks during the day 11.3 10.9  
4 snacks during the day 3.2 2.3  
5 snacks during the day 0.4 0.3  
Daily energy intake from snacking occasions (kcal)b 269.3 (309.0) 231 (246.6) < 0.0001
Contribution of energy intake from snacking to total daily energy b,c 11.8 (12.4) 12.8 (12.1) < 0,0001
Daily mean nutrient density of snacksb 115.3 (274.8) 103.5 (299.1) < 0.0001
Daily mean energy density (without low caloric beverages) of snacks (kcal/100 g)b 224.5 (170.2) 231.9 (170.8) < 0.0001
  1. aData used in the analysis were collected for each participant at inclusion in the cohort
  2. bAmong individuals having at least one snack during the record
  3. cComputed as (energy intake from daily snacks/total daily energy intake)*100