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Table 4 Associations of increasing public transport use and physical activity / adiposity, 2008/09–2012/13 England

From: Associations of increases in public transport use with physical activity and adiposity in older adults

  Model 1: Unadjusted associations at t1 (CI) Model 2: Fully adjusted at t1 (CI) Model 3: Unadjusted change in outcome t0 to t1 (CI) Model 4: Fully adjusted change in outcome t0 to t1 (CI)
Physical Activitya (Adjusted Odds Ratios)
 Men 2.52 (1.65; 3.84) 1.75 (1.04; 2.96) 2.11 (1.32; 3.37) 1.69 (0.99; 2.88)
 Women 4.06 (2.78; 5.92) 2.03 (1.27; 3.23) 2.61 (1.70; 4.01) 1.67 (1.03; 2.72)
Body Mass Index (Coefficients in kg/m2)
 Men −0.76 (−1.39; − 0.13) −0.50 (− 1.09; 0.09) −0.02 (− 0.26; 0.21) −0.01 (− 0.23; 0.21)
 Women −2.30 (− 3.22; − 1.39) −2.03 (− 2.84; − 1.21) − 0.33 (− 0.74; 0.09) − 0.40 (− 0.82; 0.01)
Waist Circumference (Coefficients in centimetres)
 Men −2.58 (−4.29; − 0.87) −1.39 (− 2.99; 0.22) − 0.74 (− 1.57; 0.10) − 0.62 (− 1.45; 0.21)
 Women − 5.14 (− 7.16; − 3.11) −4.11 (− 5.98; − 2.25) − 0.93 (− 2.08; 0.22) −1.10 (− 2.26; 0.05)
  1. t0 = 2008/09 t1 = 2012/13
  2. Models adjusted for age (years); quadratic age; wealth group at t0; changes in wealth group t0 to t1; working status t0 to t1; household access to a car at t0 and t1; problems with Activities of Daily Living at t0 and t1; problems with mobility at t0 and t1; moving house between t0 and t1
  3. Model 1: Unadjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13)
  4. Model 2: Fully adjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13)
  5. Model 3: Unadjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13), controlled for baseline (t0; 2008/09) outcome
  6. Model 4: Fully adjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13), controlled for baseline (t0; 2008/09) outcome
  7. CI Confidence Intervals
  8. aPhysical activity defined as undertaking moderate activity at least once a week, or vigorous at least once a month
  9. bold denotes statistical significance at p< = 0.05