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Table 5 Associations of initiating public transport and physical activity / adiposity, 2008–2012 England

From: Associations of increases in public transport use with physical activity and adiposity in older adults

  Model 1: Unadjusted associations at t1 (CI) Model 2: Fully adjusted at t1 (CI) Model 3: Unadjusted change in outcome t0 to t1 (CI) Model 4: Fully adjusted change in outcome t0 to t1 (CI)
Physical Activitya (Odds Ratios)
 Men 2.54 (1.70; 3.79) 1.78 (1.07; 2.97) 2.11 (1.36; 3.27) 1.70 (1.01; 2.86)
 Women 3.70 (2.62; 5.23) 1.95 (1.24; 3.08) 2.23 (1.50; 3.33) 1.61 (1.00; 2.60)
Body Mass Index (Coefficients in kg/m2)
 Men −0.71 (− 1.31; − 0.11) −0.50 (− 1.09; 0.08) 0.02 (− 0.21; 0.25) 0.02 (− 0.20; 0.24)
 Women − 2.04 (− 2.89; − 1.20) −1.95 (− 2.75; − 1.15) − 0.24 (− 0.60; 0.13) −0.38 (− 0.77; 0.01)
Waist Circumference (Coefficients in centimetres)
 Men −2.36 (− 3.99; − 0.73) −1.26 (− 2.83; 0.31) −0.59 (− 1.39; 0.21) −0.57 (− 1.40; 0.25)
 Women −4.72 (− 6.66; − 2.78) − 3.86 (− 5.73; − 2.00) − 0.88 (− 1.96; 0.20) −1.04 (− 2.18; 0.10)
  1. t0 = 2008/09 t1 = 2012/13
  2. Model 1: Unadjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13)
  3. Model 2: Fully adjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13)
  4. Model 3: Unadjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13), controlled for baseline (t0; 2008/09) outcome
  5. Model 4: Fully adjusted cross-sectional associations at follow up (t1; 2012/13), controlled for baseline (t0; 2008/09) outcome
  6. Fully adjusted models adjusted for: age (years); quadratic age; wealth group at t0; changes in wealth group t0 to t1; working status t0 to t1; household access to a car at t0 and t1; problems with Activities of Daily Living at t0 and t1; problems with mobility at t0 and t1; moving house between t0 and t1
  7. CI Confidence Intervals
  8. aPhysical activity defined as undertaking moderate activity at least once a week, or vigorous at least once a month
  9. bold denotes statistical significance at p< = 0.05