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Table 1 Demographic and lifestyle characteristics of young adult participants

From: Yoga’s potential for promoting healthy eating and physical activity behaviors among young adults: a mixed-methods study

  Survey Samplea Interview Sampleb
  Non- Practitionersc (n = 1523) Yoga Practitionersc (n = 297)   Yoga Practitionersc (n = 46)  
  Mean/% (CI) Mean/% (CI) p-valued Mean/% (CI) p-valuee
Demographic Characteristicsf
 Age, yrs 31.1 (31.0–31.2) 30.8 (30.7–31.0) .01 30.6 (20.1–31.1) .16
 Gender, % female 52.2 (49.7–54.8) 79.8 (74.8–84.0) <.001 73.9 (59.2–84.7) .28
 Educational Attainment, % bachelor degree 49.3 (46.8–51.9) 69.9 (64.5–74.9) <.001 76.1 (61.5–86.4) .32
 Ethnicity/race, % non-white 32.7 (30.3–35.1) 26.3 (21.6–31.6) .03 17.4 (8.9–31.3) .14
 Weight status, % overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) 62.2 (59.7–64.7) 44.4 (38.6–50.3) <.001 51.1 (36.6–65.4) .32
Lifestyle Characteristicsa
 Fruit and Vegetables, servings/day [IQR = 2.8–6.8; n = 1592] 5.1 (4.9–5.3) 6.4 (5.9–6.8) <.001 6.1 (5.1–7.1) .30
 Fast Food Frequency, %    <.001   
  Never 37.5 (35.1–40.0) 55.2 (49.5–60.8)   52.2 (37.8–66.3) .78
  1–2 times/week 44.7 (42.2–47.2) 40.1 (34.6–45.8)   41.3 (27.9–56.1)  
  3+ times/week 17.8 (16.0–19.8) 4.7 (2.8–7.8)   6.5 (2.1–18.6)  
 Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, servings/day [IQR = 0–0.6; n = 1591] 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.3 (0.2–0.3) <.001 0.1 (0.1–0.2) .01
 Snack Foods, servings/day [IQR = 0.6–1.6; n = 1592] 1.3 (1.2–1.3) 1.2 (1.1–1.3) .10 1.0 (0.8–1.2) .06
 MVPA, hours/week [IQR = 1.3–6.6; n = 1820] 4.1 (3.9–4.3) 5.4 (4.9–5.8) <.001 6.8 (5.8–7.9) .003
  1. BMI, Body Mass Index, MVPA, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; CI, 95% confidence interval; IQR, Interquartile Range
  2. aSurvey sample includes the young adults who completed the Project EAT-IV survey, presented by yoga practitioner status
  3. bInterview sample is the subsample of young adults who completed the Project EAT-IV survey who also participated in qualitative interviews
  4. cYoga practitioner defined as practicing yoga for ≥30 min/week over the past year; Non-practitioner is all others (less frequent yoga practice or no yoga practice)
  5. dDifference between yoga practitioners and non-practitioners in the survey sample determined by ttest or chi2
  6. eDifference between the interview sample and yoga practitioners in the survey sample determined by ttest or chi2
  7. fSample size for each variable varies slightly due to a small amount of missing data