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Table 4 Results of the linear regression analyses for the associations between unhealthy food consumption (categorical variables) and self-perceived food literacy (continuous variable) of Dutch adults (n = 755)

From: Towards the measurement of food literacy with respect to healthy eating: the development and validation of the self perceived food literacy scale among an adult sample in the Netherlands

  Model 11 Model 21 Model 31
B 2 SE T 95%CI B 2 SE t 95%CI B 2 SE t 95%CI
Sugar sweetened beverages (# days per week)
 Never/rarely (=1-3d/month) (ref)     (ref)     (ref)    
 1–3 days −0.18 0.04 −4.74 −0.25 − 0.10 − 0.12 0.04 −3.0 − 0.20 − 0.04 − 0.10 0.04 −2.72 − 0.17 −0.03
 4–7 Days − 0.26 0.05 − 5.6 − 0.35 −0.17 − 0.19 0.05 −3.5 − 0.29 − 0.08 − 0.18 0.05 −3.74 − 0.27 − 0.08
Sugar sweetened beverages (amount per day)
 None-less than 1 glass (ref)      (ref)      (ref)     
 1 glass −0.15 0.03 −5.04 − 0.20 − 0.09 − 0.13 0.03 −3.90 − 0.19 −0.06 − 0.08 0.03 −2.81 − 0.14 −0.03
 2 or more glasses −0.36 0.04 −9.03 −0.43 −0.28 − 0.29 0.05 −6.57 − 0.38 −0.21 − 0.23 0.04 −5.60 − 0.31 −0.15
Small snacks (# days per week)
 Never/rarely (=1-3d/month) (ref)      (ref)      (ref)     
 1 portion −0.15 0.04 −3.80 − 0.23 −0.07 − 0.11 0.05 −2.47 − 0.20 −0.02 − 0.08 0.04 −2.03 − 0.16 −0.003
 2 or more portions −0.15 0.04 −4.09 −0.22 −0.08 − 0.15 0.04 −3.75 − 0.23 −0.07 − 0.11 0.04 − 3.07 − 0.18 −0.04
Small snacks (amount per day)
 None-less than 1 portion (ref)      (ref)      (ref)     
 1 portion −0.08 0.05 −1.76 −0.17 0.009~ −0.10 0.05 −1.81 −0.20 0.008~ −0.10 0.05 −2.05 −0.20 −.004
 2 or more portions −0.30 0.04 −6.97 −0.39 −0.22 − 0.28 0.05 −5.40 − 0.38 −0.18 − 0.20 0.05 −4.27 − 0.30 −0.11
Large snacks (# days per week)
 Never/rarely (=1-3d/month) (ref)      (ref)      (ref)     
 1–3 days −0.23 0.03 −8.41 − 0.28 −0.18 − 0.19 0.03 −6.10 − 0.25 −0.13 − 0.19 0.03 −6.10 − 0.25 −0.13
 4 or more days −0.50 0.04 −12.79 −0.58 −0.43 − 0.47 0.04 −10.79 − 0.56 −0.39 − 0.47 0.04 −10.79 − 0.56 −0.39
Large snacks (amount per day)
 None-less than 1 portion (ref)      (ref)      (ref)     
 1 portion −0.24 0.03 −7.91 −0.30 −0.18 − 0.20 0.04 −5.69 − 0.27 −0.13 − 0.15 0.03 −4.71 − 0.22 −0.09
 2 or more portions −0.52 0.04 −12.79 −0.60 −0.44 − 0.42 0.05 −8.82 − 0.51 −0.33 − 0.31 0.04 −6.98 − 0.40 −0.22
  1. 1Model 1: crude model, model 2: adjusted for age, sex, educational level, BMI, model 3: adjusted for age, sex, educational level, BMI, impulsiveness and self-control
  2. 2 Five-point Likert scale. ~ non-significant