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Table 2 Availability of outdoor recreational facilities and leisure-time physical activity in weekly minutes (N = 5199)

From: Exploring the cross-sectional association between outdoor recreational facilities and leisure-time physical activity: the role of usage and residential self-selection

  Total leisure-time physical activity
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI)
Outdoor recreational facilities, self-reported:
 Not available Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Available 1.32 (1.17; 1.48) 1.32 (1.18; 1.48 1.24 (1.11; 1.36) 1.25 (1.11; 1.40)
Outdoor recreational facilities, objectively measured:
 Not available Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Available 1.08 (0.97; 1.23) 1.08 (0.96; 1.22) 1.06 (0.94; 1.20) 1.06 (0.94; 1.19)
  Leisure-time walking
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
  RR (95%CI) RR (95%CI) RR (95%CI) RR (95%CI)
Outdoor recreational facilities, self-reported:
 Not available Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Available 1.38 (1.19; 1.60) 1.39 (1.20; 1.61) 1.28 (1.09; 1.48) 1.29 (1.11; 1.50)
Outdoor recreational facilities, objectively measured:
 Not available Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Available 1.19 (1.03; 1.38) 1.18 (1.02; 1.37) 1.17 (1.01; 1.36) 1.17 (1.01; 1.35)
  Leisure-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
  RR (95%CI) RR (95%CI) RR (95%CI) RR (95%CI)
Outdoor recreational facilities, self-reported:
 Not available Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Available 1.27 (1.07; 1.50) 1.27 (1.07; 1.50) 1.20 (1.01; 1.44) 1.20 (1.01; 1.44)
Outdoor recreational facilities, objectively measured:
 Not available Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Available 0.94 (0.78; 1.13) 0.94 (0.78; 1.13) 0.91 (0.75; 1.10) 0.91 (0.75; 1.10)
  1. Note: RR = Rate ratio. Rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals were derived from multivariable GEE negative binomial regression analysis. Bold values represent significant associations (two-sided p value < 0.05). Model 1 = Model adjusted for age, gender, self-rated health, and urban region. Model 2 = Model 1 additionally adjusted for education. Model 3 = Model 1 additionally adjusted for preference for neighbourhoods with recreational facilities present. Model 4 = Model 1 additionally adjusted for education and preference for neighbourhoods with recreational facilities present