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Table 3 Self-reported availability and use of outdoor recreational facilities with leisure-time physical activity in weekly minutes (N = 5199)

From: Exploring the cross-sectional association between outdoor recreational facilities and leisure-time physical activity: the role of usage and residential self-selection

  Total leisure-time physical activity
Self-reported availability and use of outdoor recreational facilities Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI)
Not available ref ref ref ref
Available, not used 1.13 (1.04; 1.24) 1.13 (1.04; 1.23) 1.12 (1.03; 1.23) 1.19 (1.03; 1.22)
Available, used 1.39 (1.28; 1.52) 1.39 (1.28; 1.51) 1.33 (1.22; 1.46) 1.33 (1.22; 1.45)
  Leisure-time walking
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Self-reported availability and use of outdoor recreational facilities RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI)
Not available ref ref ref ref
Available, not used 1.16 (1.04; 1.29) 1.15 (1.03; 1.28) 1.14 (1.02; 1.27) 1.13 (1.02; 1.26)
Available, used 1.25 (1.12; 1.40) 1.24 (1.11; 1.39) 1.18 (1.05; 1.32) 1.17 (1.04; 1.31)
  Leisure-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Self-reported availability and use of outdoor recreational facilities RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI)
Not available ref ref ref ref
Available, not used 1.14 (0.99; 1.31) 1.13 (0.99; 1.31) 1.14 (0.99; 1.31) 1.14 (0.99; 1.31)
Available, used 1.59 (1.40; 1.79) 1.59 (1.40; 1.80) 1.55 (1.36; 1.77) 1.55 (1.36; 1.77)
  1. Note: RR = Rate ratio. Rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals were derived from multivariable GEE negative binomial regression analysis. Bold values represent significant associations (two-sided p value < 0.05). Model 1 = Model adjusted for urban region, self-rated general health, age, and gender. Model 2 = Model 1 and additionally adjusted for education. Model 3 = Model 1 and additionally adjusted for preference for neighbourhoods with recreational facilities present. Model 4 = Model 1 and additionally adjusted for education and preference for neighbourhoods with recreational facilities present