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Table 2 Results of network meta-analysis

From: Exercise training modalities in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Comparisons Network meta-analysis RoM [95%CI]
HbA1c FBG weight TC LDL HDL TG SBP DBP
No exercise (reference)
 Supervised aerobic 0.96 [0.94; 0.97] 0.93 [0.88; 0.98] 0.97 [0.94; 1.00] 0.89 [0.85; 0.94] 0.89 [0.80; 0.99] 0.92 [0.89; 0.96] 0.87 [0.80; 0.96] 0.97 [0.95 1.00] 0.97 [0.94; 1.00]
 Supervised resistance 0.96 [0.95; 0.97] 1.01 [0.92; 1.12] 0.98 [0.94; 1.01] 0.88 [0.83; 0.94] 0.88 [0.76; 1.01] 0.90 [0.85; 0.94] 0.89 [0.81; 0.97] 0.96 [0.93; 0.99] 0.97 [0.93; 1.00]
 Unsupervised aerobic 1.03 [1.00; 1.07] 1.11 [0.81; 1.52] 1.04 [1.00; 1.08] 0.96 [0.90; 1.02] 1.08 [0.88; 1.33] 0.99 [0.87; 1.12] 0.95 [0.86; 1.05] 0.97 [0.93; 1.01] 0.94 [0.89; 1.00]
 Unsupervised resistance 1.03 [0.99; 1.07] 1.03 [0.72; 1.47] 0.97 [0.91; 1.02] 1.12 [0.81; 1.56] 0.91 [0.71; 1.17] 0.95 [0.87; 1.04] 0.97 [0.86; 1.09]
Anaerobic (reference)
 Combined 0.98 [0.84; 1.15] 1.00 [0.91; 1.11] 0.98 [0.89; 1.08] 0.95 [0.86; 1.04]
 No exercise 1.05 [0.97; 1.14] 1.07 [0.98; 1.17] 1.01 [0.92; 1.11] 0.96 [0.88; 1.04]
 Supervised aerobic 0.98 [0.92; 1.03] 1.05 [0.97; 1.14] 0.99 [0.90; 1.07] 0.93 [0.86; 1.00]
 Supervised resistance 1.07 [0.96; 1.19] 1.05 [0.96; 1.15] 0.97 [0.89; 1.07] 0.93 [0.85; 1.01]
 Unsupervised aerobic 1.17 [0.86; 1.60] 1.12 [1.02; 1.22] 0.98 [0.89; 1.08] 0.91 [0.82; 1.00]
 Unsupervised resistance 1.08 [0.76; 1.54] 1.04 [0.93; 1.15] 0.96 [0.85; 1.09] 0.93 [0.81; 1.07]
Combined (reference)
 Flexibility 1.15 [0.98; 1.34] 0.92 [0.84; 1.02] 0.96 [0.78; 1.19] 0.97 [0.89; 1.05]
 No exercise 1.08 [1.06; 1.09] 1.07 [0.94; 1.22] 1.07 [1.01; 1.13] 0.97 [0.92; 1.03] 1.08 [0.95; 1.23] 1.03 [1.00; 1.07] 1.34 [1.19; 1.50] 1.03 [0.99; 1.08] 1.01 [0.96; 1.06]
 Supervised aerobic 1.03 [1.02; 1.05] 0.99 [0.86; 1.15] 1.05 [0.99; 1.11] 0.87 [0.82; 0.93] 0.96 [0.85; 1.10] 0.95 [0.91; 0.99] 1.17 [1.03; 1.33] 1.01 [0.97; 1.05] 0.98 [0.93; 1.03]
 Supervised resistance 1.03 [1.02; 1.05] 1.09 [0.92; 1.28] 1.05 [0.99; 1.11] 0.86 [0.80; 0.92] 0.95 [0.82; 1.10] 0.92 [0.88; 0.97] 1.18 [1.04; 1.35] 0.99 [0.95; 1.04] 0.98 [0.92; 1.03]
 Unsupervised aerobic 1.11 [1.07; 1.15] 1.19 [0.85; 1.68] 1.11 [1.04; 1.19] 0.93 [0.86; 1.01] 1.17 [0.93; 1.47] 1.01 [0.93; 1.11] 1.27 [1.10; 1.47] 1.00 [0.95; 1.06] 0.95 [0.89; 1.03]
 Unsupervised resistance 1.11 [1.06; 1.16] 1.10 [0.76; 1.61] 1.03 [0.95; 1.12] 1.22 [0.86; 1.72] 0.93 [0.79; 1.11] 0.98 [0.89; 1.09] 0.98 [0.86; 1.11]
Flexibility (reference)
 No exercise 0.94 [0.80; 1.09] 1.05 [0.95; 1.17] 1.13 [0.91; 1.41] 1.06 [0.98; 1.16]
 Supervised aerobic 0.89 [0.76; 1.05] 0.92 [0.81; 1.04] 1.00 [0.81; 1.24] 0.98 [0.90; 1.06]
 Supervised resistance 0.90 [0.77; 1.05] 0.94 [0.83; 1.07] 0.99 [0.80; 1.22] 0.95 [0.88; 1.03]
 Unsupervised aerobic 0.97 [0.83; 1.14] 1.01 [0.90; 1.13] 1.21 [0.94; 1.57] 1.04 [0.93; 1.17]
 Unsupervised resistance 0.96 [0.82; 1.13] 1.27 [0.86; 1.86] 0.96 [0.80; 1.16]
Supervised aerobic (reference)
 Supervised resistance 1.01 [0.99; 1.02] 1.09 [1.00; 1.20] 1.01 [0.97; 1.05] 0.99 [0.93; 1.05] 0.99 [0.86; 1.12] 0.98 [0.90; 1.06] 1.01 [0.91; 1.14] 0.99 [0.96; 1.02] 1.00 [0.96; 1.04]
 Unsupervised aerobic 1.08 [1.05; 1.12] 1.20 [0.88; 1.63] 1.07 [1.03; 1.11] 1.07 [1.00; 1.15] 1.21 [0.99; 1.48] 1.02 [0.89; 1.17] 1.09 [0.96; 1.24] 0.99 [0.95; 1.04] 0.97 [0.92; 1.04]
 Unsupervised resistance 1.08 [1.03; 1.12] 1.11 [0.78; 1.57] 1.00 [0.94; 1.06] 1.26 [0.91; 1.75] 1.26 [0.95; 1.67] 0.98 [0.89; 1.07] 0.99 [0.91; 1.08]
Supervised resistance (reference)
 Unsupervised aerobic 1.08 [1.04; 1.12] 1.10 [0.80; 1.51] 1.06 [1.01; 1.11] 1.09 [1.01; 1.16] 1.23 [0.98; 1.56] 1.05 [0.91; 1.20] 1.08 [0.97; 1.19] 1.01 [0.96; 1.05] 0.98 [0.92; 1.04]
 Unsupervised resistance 1.07 [1.03; 1.12] 1.01 [0.71; 1.45] 0.99 [0.92; 1.06] 1.28 [0.90; 1.81] 0.96 [0.75; 1.25] 0.99 [0.90; 1.09] 1.00 [0.89; 1.13]
Unsupervised aerobic (reference)
 Unsupervised resistance 1.00 [0.97; 1.03] 0.92 [0.79; 1.09] 0.93 [0.87; 0.99] 1.04 [0.80; 1.35] 0.92 [0.74; 1.14] 0.98 [0.91; 1.07] 1.03 [0.93; 1.14]
  1. NOTE: Comparison: Treatment comparison; RoM: ratio of mean; FBG: fasting plasma glucose; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; TC: total cholesterol; TG: triacylglycerol; LDL: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; −: results not reported in studies