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Table 1 Children’s baseline characteristics

From: The multivariate physical activity signature associated with metabolic health in children

  Overall (n = 841) Boys (n = 424) Girls (n = 417) p between groups
Demography
 Age (years) 10.2 (0.3) 10.2 (0.3) 10.2 (0.3) .803
Anthropometry
 Body mass (kg) 37.0 (8.1) 36.8 (7.8) 37.2 (8.3) .641
 Height (cm) 142.9 (6.7) 143.1 (6.7) 142.6 (6.8) .197
 BMI (kg/m2) 18.0 (3.0) 17.9 (2.9) 18.1 (3.1) .218
 Overweight and obese (%) 20.8 20.0 21.5 .583
 Waist circumference (cm) 61.9 (7.5) 62.2 (7.3) 61.6 (7.7) .169
 Waist:height (ratio) 0.43 (0.05) 0.43 (0.05) 0.43 (0.05) .322
Indices of metabolic health
 Andersen test (m) 898 (103) 925 (112) 871 (85) < .001
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 105.2 (8.4) 105.3 (8.2) 105.2 (8.6) .612
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 57.7 (6.2) 57.4 (6.0) 58.1 (6.3) .180
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.46 (0.69) 4.46 (0.70) 4.46 (0.68) .976
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.51 (0.64) 2.50 (0.65) 2.53 (0.62) .570
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.59 (0.35) 1.63 (0.34) 1.55 (0.35) .001
 Total:HDL cholesterol (ratio) 2.91 (0.71) 2.82 (0.66) 2.99 (0.74) .001
 Triglyceride (mmol/l) 0.78 (0.38) 0.72 (0.31) 0.84 (0.42) < .001
 Glucose (mmol/l) 4.98 (0.32) 5.02 (0.31) 4.94 (0.33) .001
 Insulin (pmol/l) 55.0 (29.8) 48.9 (24.1) 61.1 (33.6) < .001
 HOMA (index) 1.71 (0.98) 1.54 (0.83) 1.89 (1.09) < .001
 Composite score (1SD)a 0.00 (1.00) 0.00 (0.93) 0.00 (1.07)
Physical activityb
 Wear time (min/day) 795 (57) 799 (59) 791 (54) .038
 Overall (cpm) 707 (271) 754 (296) 660 (235) < .001
 SED (min/day) 490 (60) 488 (63) 492 (57) .018
 LPA (min/day) 231 (38) 230 (40) 233 (37) .022
 MPA (min/day) 44 (13) 47 (13) 40 (11) < .001
 VPA (min/day) 31 (16) 34 (17) 27 (12) < .001
 MVPA (min/day) 74 (25) 81 (27) 67 (21) < .001
 Guideline amount (%)c 69 77 61 < .001
  1. BMI body mass index, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, HOMA homeostasis model assessment
  2. a The composite score includes waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, total:HDL ratio, triglycerides, HOMA, and the Andersen test
  3. b Intensity-specific PA is calculated using the Evenson cut points [27]
  4. c Children achieving a mean of ≥60 min of MVPA per day