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Table 3 Longitudinal associations between eating behavior at 4 years and body composition at the age of 10 years

From: Eating behavior and body composition across childhood: a prospective cohort study

CEBQ subscales at age 4 years (z-scores)   Body composition at age 10 years
BMI SD score B (95% CI) FMI SD score B (95% CI) FFMI SD score B (95% CI)
Emotional overeating Model 1 0.03 (0.00, 0.06) 0.03 (0.00, 0.06)* 0.01 (− 0.03, 0.04)
Model 2 0.03 (0.00, 0.06)* 0.03 (0.00, 0.06)* 0.01 (−0.02, 0.03)
Food responsiveness Model 1 0.14 (0.10, 0.17)** 0.09 (0.06, 0.12)** 0.13 (0.10, 0.16)**
Model 2 0.02 (−0.01, 0.05) 0.02 (−0.01, 0.04) 0.02 (− 0.01, 0.05)
Enjoyment of food Model 1 0.09 (0.06, 0.12)** 0.03 (0.00, 0.06)* 0.13 (0.10, 0.16)**
Model 2 0.00 (−0.03, 0.03) −0.03 (− 0.05, − 0.00)* 0.05 (0.02, 0.08)*
Satiety responsiveness Model 1 − 0.15 (− 0.19, − 0.12)** −0.06 (− 0.09, − 0.03)** −0.19 (− 0.22, − 0.16)**
Model 2 −0.03 (− 0.06, 0.00) 0.02 (− 0.01, 0.05) −0.08 (− 0.11, − 0.05)**
  1. Values are linear regression coefficients. Model 1 was adjusted for child ethnicity, birth weight for gestational age SD score, household income, maternal educational level, maternal BMI and maternal anxiety symptoms. Model 2 was additionally adjusted for BMI at 4 years. N = 3331. * represents p-value < 0.05. ** represents p-value < 0.001
  2. Abbreviations: CEBQ Child eating behavior questionnaire, BMI Body mass index, FMI Fat mass index, FFMI Fat free mass index, SD score Standard Deviation score