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Table 2 All-cause mortality by driving status among older Japanese adults (n = 49,511) during the 3-year follow-up period

From: Neighborhood food environment and mortality among older Japanese adults: results from the JAGES cohort study

  Total (n = 49,511) Driving status
Non-car users (n = 19,835) Car users (n = 29,676)
Number of deaths (%) Incidence rate per 100,000 person-years (95% CI) Number of deaths (%) Incidence rate per 100,000 person-years (95% CI) Number of deaths (%) Incidence rate per 100,000 person-years (95% CI)
Food store availability
Subjective availability
Highest 291 (3.7) 3.6 (3.2–4.0) 77 (2.3) 2.7 (2.1–3.4) 214 (4.7) 4.1 (3.6–4.7)
 Middle–high 1235 (4.1) 3.9 (3.7–4.2) 424 (3.5) 4.0 (3.6–4.4) 811 (4.5) 3.9 (3.6–4.2)
 Middle–low 396 (4.4) 4.2 (3.8–4.6) 144 (4.0) 4.5 (3.8–5.3) 252 (4.7) 4.1 (3.6–4.6)
 Lowest 127 (4.8) 4.4 (3.7–5.2) 35 (4.3) 4.5 (3.3–6.3) 92 (5.0) 4.3 (3.5–5.3)
Objective availability within a 500-meter radius of residence
 Quartile 4 (highest) 410 (3.3) 3.7 (3.4–4.1) 234 (2.7) 3.4 (3.0–3.9) 176 (4.8) 4.2 (3.7–4.9)
 Quartile 3 462 (3.8) 3.8 (3.4–4.1) 183 (3.3) 3.8 (3.3–4.4) 279 (4.3) 3.8 (3.3–4.2)
 Quartile 2 564 (4.4) 3.9 (3.6–4.3) 133 (4.1) 4.1 (3.4–4.8) 431 (4.6) 3.9 (3.5–4.3)
 Quartile 1 (lowest) 613 (4.9) 4.3 (4.0–4.7) 130 (5.5) 5.1 (4.3–6.1) 483 (4.8) 4.1 (3.8–4.5)
Objective availability within a 1-kilometer radius of residence
 Quartile 4 (highest) 360 (2.9) 3.4 (3.1–3.8) 244 (2.5) 3.3 (2.9–3.7) 116 (4.2) 3.8 (3.2–4.6)
 Quartile 3 485 (3.9) 3.7 (3.4–4.1) 170 (3.2) 3.6 (3.1–4.2) 315 (4.5) 3.8 (3.4–4.3)
 Quartile 2 559 (4.5) 4.0 (3.6–4.3) 135 (5.2) 4.8 (4.1–5.7) 424 (4.3) 3.7 (3.4–4.1)
 Quartile 1 (lowest) 645 (5.2) 4.5 (4.2–4.9) 131 (5.7) 5.2 (4.4–6.2) 514 (5.1) 4.4 (4.0–4.8)
  1. CI confidence interval