Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants

From: Effectiveness of the physical activity intervention program in the PREDIMED-Plus study: a randomized controlled trial

  All
(n = 6059)
Control
(n = 3086)
Intervention
(n = 2973)
P 1
Men 3117 (51.4%) 1583 (51.3%) 1534 (51.6%) 0.814
Age, y 65.0 (4.9) 65.0 (4.9) 64.9 (4.9) 0.415
Smoker 863 (14.2%) 405 (13.1%) 458 (15.4%) 0.011
Education2 3075 (50.8%) 1522 (49.3%) 1553 (52.2%) 0.023
BMI, kg/m2 32.5 (3.45) 32.5 (3.48) 32.5 (3.43) 0.948
Waist, cm 107 (9.69) 108 (9.73) 107 (9.65) 0.511
Light PA, METs min /d 63.9 [0.00;160] 63.9 [0.00;160] 63.9 [0.00;160] 0.659
MVPA, METs min /d 158 [11;360] 160 [12;375] 150 [8;349] 0.015
Total PA, METs min /d 273 [123;488] 280 [130;499] 260 [120;480] 0.012
MDS, unit 8.49 (2.68) 8.54 (2.71) 8.45 (2.65) 0.180
  1. BMI body mass index, MET metabolic equivalent of task, MDS Mediterranean diet score, MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, PA physical activity
  2. Categorical, continuous normal, and continuous non-normal distributed variables are expressed as n (proportion), mean (standard deviation), and median (interquartile range), respectively
  3. 1p value for difference between groups from t-test or chi-square test
  4. 2more than primary school