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Table 1 Sociodemographic attributes, health-related and behavioural factors, and cardiometabolic risk variables of the sample according to gender

From: Associations of context-specific sitting time with markers of cardiometabolic risk in Australian adults

  Total sample (n = 3429) Men (n = 1474) Women (n = 1955)
Socio-demographic attributes
 Age (y) 58 ± 10 58 ± 10 58 ± 10
 Parental history of diabetes, n (%) 968 (28.2) 385 (26.1) 583 (29.8)
 Education, n (%)
  High school or less 1082 (31.6) 344 (23.3) 738 (37.7)
  Technical/vocational 1488 (43.4) 717 (48.6) 771 (39.4)
  Bachelor’s degree or higher 859 (25.1) 413 (28.0) 446 (22.8)
 Ethnicity, n (%)
  Australia/New Zealand 2725 (79.5) 1151 (78.1) 1574 (80.5)
  Other English speaking 411 (12.0) 179 (12.1) 232 (11.9)
  Other 293 (8.5) 144 (9.8) 149 (7.6)
 Occupation, n (%)
  Professional/managerial 1180 (34.4) 603 (40.9) 577 (29.5)
  Blue collar 408 (11.9) 319 (21.6) 89 (4.6)
  White collar/administrative 693 (20.2) 133 (9.0) 560 (28.6)
  Not currently working 1148 (33.5) 419 (28.4) 729 (37.3)
 Marital status, n (%)
  Married or de facto 2763 (80.6) 1273 (86.4) 1490 (76.2)
  Not married or de facto 666 (19.4) 201 (13.6) 465 (23.8)
Health-related factors
 Total physical activity time (h/day) 0.9 ± 0.9 1.0 ± 0.9 0.8 ± 0.8
 Energy intake (kJ/day) 7164 ± 2794 8349 ± 3042 6270 ± 2204
 Alcohol consumption, n (%)
   ≤ 1 standard drinks/day 1898 (55.4) 621 (42.1) 1277 (65.3)
   > 1–2 standard drinks/day 589 (17.2) 261 (17.7) 328 (16.8)
   > 2 standard drinks/day 942 (27.5) 592 (40.2) 350 (17.9)
 Smoking status, n (%)
  Current or ex-smoker 1337 (39.9) 656 (45.5) 681 (35.6)
  Non-smoker 2017 (60.1) 785 (54.5) 1232 (64.4)
Sitting time spent in specific contexts (h/day)
 Occupational 1.8 ± 2.3 2.3 ± 2.5 1.4 ± 2.0
 Transportation 0.8 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.9 0.8 ± 0.7
 TV viewing 1.8 ± 1.3 1.9 ± 1.2 1.8 ± 1.3
 Computer use 0.6 ± 0.9 0.7 ± 0.9 0.6 ± 1.0
 Other 1.7 ± 1.3 1.5 ± 1.2 1.7 ± 1.3
 Total 6.8 ± 2.8 7.4 ± 2.9 6.4 ± 2.7
Cardiometabolic risk variables
 2-h plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.8 ± 2.0 5.9 ± 2.1 5.7 ± 1.9
 Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.3 ± 0.7 5.5 ± 0.7 5.2 ± 0.6
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 128 ± 18 132 ± 17 125 ± 18
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 73 ± 11 75 ± 11 72 ± 11
 Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.3 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 1.0 1.2 ± 0.7
 HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.6 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.3 1.7 ± 0.4
 LDL/HDL ratio (mmol/L) 2.1 ± 0.8 2.4 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.7
 BMI (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 5.1 27.9 ± 4.3 27.4 ± 5.6
 Waist circumference (cm) 93.7 ± 13.9 100.1 ± 11.9 88.9 ± 13.3
 Clustered cardiometabolic risk (z) 0.0 ± 0.6 0.3 ± 0.6 -0.3 ± 0.6
  1. Data are means ± SD, or n (%), corrected for complex survey design