Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Child eating behavior, food-category intake and key-food variety-scores in the control and intervention group at child age 12 months

From: Evaluation of an eHealth intervention aiming to promote healthy food habits from infancy -the Norwegian randomized controlled trial Early Food for Future Health

Item Control mean ± SD (n = 264)a Intervention mean ± SD (n = 269)b Difference (95% CI) p value
Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire c
 Food responsiveness 2.28 ± 0.69 2.44 ± 0.71 0.17 (0.04 to 0.30) 0.010
 Emotional over-eating 1.41 ± 0.49 1.48 ± 0.51 0.07 (− 0.02 to 0.16) 0.15
 Enjoyment of food 3.99 ± 0.62 4.09 ± 0.63 0.10 (− 0.01 to 0.21) 0.086
 Desire to drink 2.09 ± 0.86 2.25 ± 0.88 0.16 (− 0.00 to 0.32) 0.051
 Satiety responsiveness 2.85 ± 0.59 2.78 ± 0.62 − 0.07 (− 0.18 to 0.43) 0.23
 Slowness in eating 2.67 ± 0.61 2.65 ± 0.73 − 0,02 (− 0.14 to 0.10) 0.74
 Emotional under-eating 3.29 ± 0.82 3.27 ± 0.78 − 0.02 (− 0.17 to 0.13) 0.79
 Food fussiness 1.87 ± 0.72 1.87 ± 0.66 0.00 (− 0.13 to 0.13) 0.98
 CEBQ; Food approach dimension 2.44 ± 0.44 2.56 ± 0.44 0.12 (0.04 to 0.20) 0.002
 CEBQ; Food avoidance dimension 2.67 ± 0.43 2.64 ± 0.46 −0.2 (− 0.11 to 0.06) 0.56
Child Food Neophobia Scale d 9.50  ± 3.91 9.07 ± 3.34 − 0.43 (− 1.09 to 0.23) 0.20
Child food intake, categories e
 Fruit/vegetables, times-per-day score 5.93 ± 2.44 6.44 ± 2.77 0.51 (0.04 to 0.98) 0.035
 Non-core foods/drinks; times-per-day score 0.24 ± 0.23 0.22 ± 0.21 − 0.02 (− 0.06 to 0.02) 0.42
 Commercially prepared dinner; times-per-week score 1.20 ± 1.84 1.00 ± 1.48 − 0.20 (− 0.50 to 0,10) 0.19
 Homemade dinner; times-per-week score 2.54 ± 1.80 2.76 ± 2.68 0.23 (− 0.19 to 0.64) 0.28
Key-food variety-score; number of units tasted f
 Vegetables (n tot = 13) 10.62 ± 2.03 11.05 ± 1.77 0.43 (0.08 to 0.77) 0.015
 Fruit (n tot = 10) 8.41 ± 1.80 8.58 ± 1.57 0.17 (− 0.13 to 0.48) 0.26
  1. Linear regressions are used for between-group comparison of continuous outcomes
  2. a The total number of participants in the analyses vary between 219 and 264 depending on the outcome
  3. b The total number of participants in the analyses vary between 236 and 269 depending on the outcome
  4. c Behavior items rated from 1 (never) to 5 (always) on a five-point Likert scale
  5. d The range of possible responses varies between 6 and 24, with a high score indicating high levels of child food neophobia
  6. e Answer-options never/not tried, ‹ 1/week, 1–2/week, 3–4/week, 5–6/week, 1/day, 2/day, 3/day and ≥ 4/day recoded into a times-per-day/times per week score
  7. f Answer-options never/not tried, ‹ 1/week, 1–2/week, 3–4/week, 5–6/week, 1/day, 2/day, 3/day and ≥ 4/day dichotomized into tasted/not tasted