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Table 1 Baseline demographicsa

From: Title: efficacy of a food parenting intervention for mothers with low income to reduce preschooler’s solid fat and added sugar intakes: a randomized controlled trial

  Total (n = 119) Control (n = 60) FFF intervention (n = 59) p-value
  n % n % n %  
Mother
 Age (y; mean (SD)) 29.8 (7.1) 30.0 (6.9) 29.5 (7.3) 0.71
Race/ethnicity
 Black/African American 108 90.8 57 95.0 51 86.4 0.11
 Other 11 9.2 3 5.0 8 13.6
Marital status
 Single 93 78.2 49 81.7 44 74.6 0.66
 Married/living together 22 18.4 9 15.0 13 22.0
 Other 4 3.4 2 3.3 2 3.4
Education
  < HS 31 26.0 17 28.3 14 23.7 0.49
 HS graduate/GED 42 35.3 23 38.3 19 32.2
  > HS 46 38.7 20 33.3 26 44.1
Employment status
 Unemployed 77 65.8 39 66.1 38 65.5 0.95
 Employed for wages 40 34.2 20 33.9 20 34.5
Weight statusb
 Normal 26 22.4 13 22.4 13 22.4 0.67
 Overweight 30 25.9 13 22.4 17 29.3
 Obese 60 51.7 32 55.2 28 48.3
Program participation (# participating)c
 WIC 108 90.8 56 93.3 52 88.1 0.33
 SNAP/EBT 104 87.4 53 88.3 51 86.4 0.76
 Head Start 46 38.7 26 43.3 20 33.9 0.29
Child
 Age (y; mean (SD)) 3.7 (0.8) 3.8 (0.1) 3.6 (0.1) 0.09
Gender
 Female 65 54.6 29 48.3 36 61.0 0.17
 Male 54 45.4 31 51.7 23 39.0
Weight statusd
 Normal 81 69.8 38 65.5 43 74.1 0.57
 Overweight 22 19.0 13 22.4 9 15.5  
 Obese 13 11.2 7 12.1 6 10.4  
  1. aBetween group differences in demographic characteristics were evaluated using chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests for categorical variables and t-tests for continuous variables. BMI was not recorded for 3 mothers/children and 2 mothers did not report employment status at baseline
  2. bOverweight = BMI (kg/m2) 25.0 to < 30.0; Obese = BMI (kg/m2) ≥ 30.0
  3. cWIC = Women’s Infant and Children Program, SNAP/EBT = Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program/Electronic Benefits Transfer
  4. dOverweight = BMI-for-age 85th to <95th percentiles; Obese = BMI-for-age ≥ 95th percentile