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Table 2 Child dietary intakes at baseline and post-intervention by group, with adjustment for baseline levels

From: Title: efficacy of a food parenting intervention for mothers with low income to reduce preschooler’s solid fat and added sugar intakes: a randomized controlled trial

  Control FFF Intervention   
  n Mean (SD) Adj Meane
(95%CI)
n Mean (SD) Adj Mean
(95%CI)
p-value Adj Cohen’s df
Primary Outcome
 SoFAS (kcal)
  Baseline 60 392.9 (159.0)   59 356.4 (139.3)    
  Post-interventiong 54 408.8 (150.4) 401.9
(369.8, 433.9)
49 300.2 (100.4) 307.8
(274.1, 341.5)
< 0.001 −0.63
Secondary Outcomes SoFAS (kcal), occasions fed by mother
 Baseline  60 317.1 (164.7)   59 288.9 (145.4)    
  Post-intervention 54 331.6 (156.8) 324.6
(290.3, 358.9)
49 237.6 (121.6) 245.4
(209.3, 281.4)
< 0.001 −0.51
 SoFAS (% of daily energy)
  Baseline 60 28.6
(7.0)
  59 28.7
(5.9)
   
  Post-intervention 54 30.0
(7.3)
29.9
(28.2, 31.6)
49 24.7
(5.5)
24.7
(22.9, 26.5)
< 0.001 −0.79
 Added sugar (kcal)
  Baseline 60 180.7
(87.3)
  59 177.7 (95.3)    
  Post-intervention 54 195.1 (97.7) 193.7
(171.5, 215.9)
49 141.9 (77.6) 143.5
(120.2, 166.8)
0.003 −0.55
 Solid fat (kcal)
  Baseline 60 212.2 (99.0)   59 178.7 (69.5)    
  Post-intervention 54 213.7 (93.2) 209.1
(188.5229.7)
49 158.2 (59.4) 163.3
(141.6184.9)
0.003 −0.53
 Total daily energy (kcal)
  Baseline 60 1344.2 (339.7)   59 1223.3 (321.7)    
  Post-intervention 54 1367.5 (382.6) 1334.8
(1254.6, 1415.0)
49 1207.6 (285.9) 1243.6
(1159.3, 1327.9)
0.13 −0.10
  1. eAdjusted for baseline value, using ANCOVA
  2. fCalculated using adjusted means
  3. gMissingness (n = 16) on the primary outcome did not differ by group (p = 0.27, Chi-square test)