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Table 2 Child dietary intakes at baseline and post-intervention by group, with adjustment for baseline levels

From: Title: efficacy of a food parenting intervention for mothers with low income to reduce preschooler’s solid fat and added sugar intakes: a randomized controlled trial

  Control FFF Intervention   
  n Mean (SD) Adj Meane (95%CI) n Mean (SD) Adj Mean (95%CI) p-value Adj Cohen’s df
Primary Outcome
 SoFAS (kcal)
  Baseline 60 392.9 (159.0)   59 356.4 (139.3)    
  Post-interventiong 54 408.8 (150.4) 401.9 (369.8, 433.9) 49 300.2 (100.4) 307.8 (274.1, 341.5) < 0.001 −0.63
Secondary Outcomes SoFAS (kcal), occasions fed by mother
 Baseline  60 317.1 (164.7)   59 288.9 (145.4)    
  Post-intervention 54 331.6 (156.8) 324.6 (290.3, 358.9) 49 237.6 (121.6) 245.4 (209.3, 281.4) < 0.001 −0.51
 SoFAS (% of daily energy)
  Baseline 60 28.6 (7.0)   59 28.7 (5.9)    
  Post-intervention 54 30.0 (7.3) 29.9 (28.2, 31.6) 49 24.7 (5.5) 24.7 (22.9, 26.5) < 0.001 −0.79
 Added sugar (kcal)
  Baseline 60 180.7 (87.3)   59 177.7 (95.3)    
  Post-intervention 54 195.1 (97.7) 193.7 (171.5, 215.9) 49 141.9 (77.6) 143.5 (120.2, 166.8) 0.003 −0.55
 Solid fat (kcal)
  Baseline 60 212.2 (99.0)   59 178.7 (69.5)    
  Post-intervention 54 213.7 (93.2) 209.1 (188.5229.7) 49 158.2 (59.4) 163.3 (141.6184.9) 0.003 −0.53
 Total daily energy (kcal)
  Baseline 60 1344.2 (339.7)   59 1223.3 (321.7)    
  Post-intervention 54 1367.5 (382.6) 1334.8 (1254.6, 1415.0) 49 1207.6 (285.9) 1243.6 (1159.3, 1327.9) 0.13 −0.10
  1. eAdjusted for baseline value, using ANCOVA
  2. fCalculated using adjusted means
  3. gMissingness (n = 16) on the primary outcome did not differ by group (p = 0.27, Chi-square test)