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Table 4 Dietary characteristics and prevalence of overweight or obesity for high and low home preparation groups

From: Comparison of individuals with low versus high consumption of home-prepared food in a group with universally high dietary quality: a cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet & Nutrition Survey (2008–2016)

Characteristic High DASH
High home preparation Low home preparation Total Regression coefficient (95 %CI)a
DASH score (Median (IQR))
  30 (29, 32) 30 (29, 32) 30 (29, 32) −0.32 (− 0.71, 0.07)
% of total energy from home-prepared food (Mean (95% CI))
  41.8 (40.8, 42.7) 15.4 (14.8, 15.9) 31.2 (29.9, 32.5) −0.26 (− 0.27, − 0.25)
Mean daily energy intake kcal (Mean (95% CI))
  1772 (1720, 1825) 1861 (1804, 1918) 1808 (1769, 1847) 45.6 (− 25.8, 117.1)
Prevalence of obesity/overweight (% obese or overweight (≥25 kg/m2))
  52.6 55.8 53.9 1.07 (0.78, 1.46)
Mean daily nutrient intake: % meeting guidelines High home preparation Low home preparation Total OR (95 %CI)a
Fat (< 35% energy) 58.8 60.0 59.3 1.07 (0.77, 1.49)
Saturated fat (< 11% energy) 45.1 38.1 42.3 0.85 (0.61, 1.18)
Protein (45–56 g)b 92.4 90.8 91.8 0.53 (0.28, 1.01)
Sugar (< 11% energy) 79.1 59.0 71.1 0.39 (0.27, 0.55)
Sodium (< 1600 mg) 36.0 26.3 32.1 0.71 (0.51, 1.00)
Carbohydrate 49.3 (48.4, 50.2) 48.5 (47.9, 49.1) 48.0 (47.3, 48.7) N/A
  1. aMutually adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, children, education, income and occupation
  2. bDependent on body mass
  3. Note: Italics indicate statistical significance (p < 0.05)