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Table 1 Overview of Intervention Condition

From: Dietary outcomes within the study of novel approaches to weight gain prevention (SNAP) randomized controlled trial

  Large Changes (LC) Small Changes (SC) Self-guided (C)
Contact Schedule Weekly group sessions weeks 1–8; monthly in weeks 9–16; two 4-week online refresher campaigns and remote reporting of weight in months 5–24 Weekly group sessions weeks 1–8; monthly in weeks 9–16; two 4-week online refresher campaigns and remote reporting of weight in months 5–24 A single group session in week 1; received an overview of both approaches and told to pick and follow the one best suited to them
Intervention Framework Self-regulation; emphasized daily self-weighing to detect small changes in weight and take corrective action as needed Self-regulation; emphasized daily self-weighing to detect small changes in weight and take corrective action as needed Self-regulation; emphasized daily self-weighing to detect small changes in weight and take corrective action as needed
High-risk dietary behaviors targeted Saturated fat; fast food; sugared beverages; alcohol; breakfast Saturated fat; fast food; sugared beverages; alcohol; breakfast N/A
Specific strategies to prevent weight gaina Create a weight loss buffer during initial 8 weeks (5-10lbs) by reducing calories by 500–1000 and increasing moderate to vigorous activity to > 250 min / wk Reduce energy intake by ~ 100 kcal / day and increase steps by 2000 / day for entire trial N/A
  1. aNote: shaded area represents the key differences between the interventions