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Table 3 Change in Dietary Intake and Eating Behaviors at Follow-up

From: Dietary outcomes within the study of novel approaches to weight gain prevention (SNAP) randomized controlled trial

  Month 4 Year 2
Dietary Behavior Control N = 197 Large Changes N = 187 Small Changes N = 192 P-value Control N = 178 Large Changes N = 174 Small Changes N = 172 P-value
Total Energy (kcal) − 193.3 ± 26.1ǂǂ − 275.0 ± 27.0 − 311.5 ± 26.7ǂǂ 0.0054 −117.2 ± 31.5 − 189.5 ± 32.0 −199.1 ± 32.2 0.14
Percent Fat 0.01 ± 0.4ǂǂǂ −2.62 ± 0.4ǂǂǂ,ǂǂ −0.91 ± 0.4ǂǂ <.0001 1.48 ± 0.4 0.09 ± 0.4 1.58 ± 0.5 0.0325
Diet Quality (HEI-2010 Total Score) 1.94 ± 0.6 2.33 ± 0.6 2.61 ± 0.6 0.72 1.08 ± 0.7 1.53 ± 0.7 0.58 ± 0.7 0.62
Eating frequency per day 0.20 ± 0.17 0.14 ± 0.17 −0.01 ± 0.17 0.68 −0.24 ± 0.08 −0.20 ± 0.08 −0.24 ± 0.08 0.93
Breakfast frequency per week 0.06 ± 0.1 0.32 ± 0.1 0.31 ± 0.1 0.07 0.09 ± 0.1 0.34 ± 0.1 0.21 ± 0.1 0.26
Fast food consumption per week −0.25 ± 0.1 −0.29 ± 0.1 −0.18 ± 0.1 0.79 0.07 ± 0.1 −0.19 ± 0.1 −0.15 ± 0.1 0.34
Meals away from home per week −0.64 ± 0.2 −0.42 ± 0.2 −0.18 ± 0.2 0.20 0.02 ± 0.2 −0.23 ± 0.2 −0.20 ± 0.2 0.68
Sugar-sweetened beverages, Ounces per 30-day perioda −5.12 ± 1.37 − 5.88 ± 1.40 −6.41 ± 1.39 0.80 −5.92 ± 1.65 −2.93 ± 1.65 −2.43 ± 1.69 0.28
Diet beverages, Ounces per 30-day perioda −4.01 ± 2.40ǂ 5.62 ± 2.47ǂ 2.60 ± 2.51 0.0169 −2.99 ± 2.81 2.13 ± 2.82 − 5.90 ± 2.93 0.13
Alcoholic beverages, Drinks per 30-day period 1.33 ± 1.08 − 0.98 ± 1.07 −1.54 ± 1.07 0.14 − 0.78 ± 1.36 −1.77 ± 1.34 −0.87 ± 1.39 0.85
Binge drinking episodes, Last 30-day period 0.15 ± 0.1 0.01 ± 0.1 −0.04 ± 0.1 0.48 0.07 ± 0.1 −0.23 ± 0.1 −0.09 ± 0.1 0.28
  1. *Note: adjustments made for baseline values of all variables. Pair-wise p-values reflect Scheffe adjustment for multiple comparisons. aParticipants reported frequency of beverage intake as part of a questionnaire on eating patterns. Ounces were estimated based on frequency of consumption and reported usual portion size (12 oz. can, 20 oz. bottle, etc.). ǂ P < 0.05, ǂǂP < 0.01, ǂǂǂP < 0.0001